RESEARCH IN ENVIRONMENT AND LIFE SCIENCES

Volume-10, Number-11, November-2017

 

207

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 10 (11) 845-851 (2017)

Poaceousflora of Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Sonia Saini

Department of Botany, Isabella Thoburn College, Lucknow – 226007, India

*e-mail: laitsonia29@gmail.com

(Received: July16, 2017; Revised received: August 24, 2017;Accepted: October 22, 2017)

 

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Abstract: The paper deals with the systematic enumeration of Plants of family gramineae. The enumeration comprises 54 species belonging the different 43 genera followed by correct botanical name, short descriptions, Phenology & field notes along with their uses

Key words: Floristic, Gramineae, Uses

208

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 10 (11) 852-855 (2017)

Attitude of farmers towards carbon sequestration in rice and sugarcane based farming system

Suresh D.K., Shivamurthy M., Gangadharappa N. R. and Krishnamurthy B.

Department of Agricultural Extension, UAS, GKVK, Bangalore, India

*e-mail: manojmandya.17@gmail.com

(Received: September18, 2017; Revised received: October 24, 2017;Accepted: November 01, 2017)

 

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Abstract: The present investigation was carried out in Mandya, Mysore and Chamaraj nagara districts of Karnataka state. One hundred Eighty Farmers who are practicing rice and sugarcane based farming system. Included 180 respondents randomly selected from the Maddur and Mandya taluks of Mandya district, Nanjanagoodu and T. Narasipura taluks of Mysore district and Kollegala and Yelandur taluks of Chamarajanagar districts. Results revealed that the more than one third (37.78 %) of the respondents were having favourable attitude towards carbon sequestration technologies in rice and sugarcane based farming system. The study indicated that Majority of the farmers practising the rice and sugarcane based farming system(75.00%) were middle aged, had high school education (30.56%), following subsidiary occupation (73.89%), belonged to nuclear family (53.89%), having medium family size (41.67%) andmajority of the farmers belongs medium level of annual income (38.89%), social participation (37.22%), mass media exposure(38.89%), extension contact (38.89%), scientific orientation (37.22%), management orientation (38.89%) and deferred gratification (37.22 %). Results revealed that the more than one third (37.78 %) of the respondents were having favourable attitude towards carbon sequestration technologies in rice and sugarcane based farming system. The mean attitude score of farmers, among twenty attitude statements the statements viz., ‘Vermicomposting improves the soil health condition’ which obtained a mean attitude score of 4.02 and‘Straw burning in paddy and trash burning in sugarcane releases more CO2 to atmosphere’ received a score of 3.87 and wastop ranked.

Key words: Attitude, Carbon sequestration, Mean attitude score, Rice and Sugarcane farming system

209

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 10 (11) 856-858 (2017)

Response of weed management on productivity

and profitability of pearl millet under semi-arid condition

M.F. Husain1, Md. Shamim2, R.K. Singh3 and M.K. Singh2

1Regional research Station, Kalai, Aligarh (U.P.), India

2C.S. AzadUniversity of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur-208002, India; 3K.V.K., Jalaun, India

*e-mail: pathakjaya1271@gmail.com

(Received: July 21, 2017; Revised received: October 12, 2017;Accepted: October 16, 2017)

 

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Abstract: An experiment was conducted during rainy season of 2012, 2013 and 2014 at Regional Research Station, Kali, Aligarh. The soil of experimental field was sandy loam with poor fertility. There were eight treatments comprised of control (weedy check), weed free, pre-emergence application of atrazine @ 0.5 kg a.i./ha + 1 hand weeding at 35 DAS, post-emergence application of atrazine @ 0.1 kg a.i./ha at 15 DAS + 1 hand weeding at 35 DAS, post-emergence application of atrazine @ 0.2 kg a.i./ha at 15 DAS + 1 hand weeding at 35 DAS, post-emergence application of atrazine @ 0.3 kg a.i./ha at 15 DAS + 1 hand weeding at 35 DAS, post-emergence application of atrazine @ 0.4 kg a.i./ha at 15 DAS + 1 hand weeding at 35 DAS and two hand weeding at 20 & 40 DAS. The treatments were evaluated i.e., growth, yield traits, yield, weed dry matter, weed control efficiency and economics in peal millet. The pearl millet variety HHB-223 was sown with recommended agronomical practices. The highest seed yield of pearl millet by 26.52 q/ha was reaped from sowing under weed free condition, but it was statistically at par with pre-emergence application of atrazine @ 0.5 kg a.i./ha + 1 hand weeding at 35 DAS (25.49 q/ha). Pre-emergence application of atrazine @0.5 kg a.i./ha+1 hand weeding at 35DAS was found superior in term of total trillers (2.71/ plant) effective tiller (2.00/plant) and test weight (9.70g) in compression to all most all tested treatments. pre-emergence application of atrazine @ 0.5 kg a.i./ha + 1 hand weeding at 35 DAS produced dry matter of weeds by 3.04 q/ha and weed control efficiency recorded by 71.50%. this treatment of weed control also gave maximum net return Rs. 24741/ha and highest benefit : cost ratio 2.36.

Key word: Atrazine, post emergence, pre-emergence, weed competition, weed control efficiency.

210

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 10 (11) 859-862 (2017)

Ethnoveterinary plant remedies for livestocks used by villagers of Nyishi and Adivasi society in Assam and Arunachal Pradesh

Sanjib Khargharia1, L. Sanathoi Khuman2, Gautam Bordoloi3,

Sanjib Bora4, Prasanta Chabukdhara4 and Siddhartha S. Pathak5

1Dept. of Pharmacology, 2Dept. of Extension Education, 3Dept. of Parasitology, 4Dept. of Physiology and Biochemistry,

5Dept. of Livestock Production and Management, Lakhimpur College of Veterinary Science, AAU, Joying, North Lakhimpur, Assam, India

*e-mail: sanjibkharghoria@yahoo.com

(Received: July 26, 2017; Revised received: October 04, 2017;Accepted: October 08, 2017)

 

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Abstract: Ethnoveterinary medicine, the scientific term for traditional animal health care provides low-cost alternatives to allopathic drugs. In the present study, three villages viz Joyhing, Jumi and Kimin (border area of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh) were studied to explore the traditional knowledge of animal illnesses and ethnoveterinary practices. The total respondents interviewed were 80 in numbers, out of which 30 were from Joyhing and 25 each from Jumi and Kimin area. In the present study, a total of 22 ailments with 26 plants used for the treatment were recorded. Generally, pigs and chickens had the highest frequency of disease (skin conditions, diarrhea, parasitic infestation etc) possibly due to their popularity than other animals during summer and autumn seasons and may be due to lack of veterinary awareness among the people.

 Key words: Ethnoveterinary, plants, illness, livestock

211

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 10 (11) 863-865 (2017)

Impact of pigeonpea based millets intercropping systems on pod borer incidence under semiarid tropics

M.M.Vajjaramatti, S.B.Kalaghatagi, S.S.Karabhantanal, S.A.Gaddanakeri and M.M.Kadasiddappa

Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, Vijayapur-586 101, UAS, Dharwad, India

*e-mail: mmv6589@gmail.com

(Received: September02, 2017; Revised received: October 11, 2017;Accepted: October 15, 2017)

 

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Abstract: A field experiment was conducted during Kharif, 2015-16 to study the influence of pigeonpea based millets intercropping on pod borer severity, yield and economicsunder semiarid tropics. Among the intercropping system, significantly lower number of eggs, larvae and per cent pod damage was recorded in pigeonpea + finger millet (13.55%) in 1:2 row proportion compared to sole and other intercropped pigeonpea. Sole pigeonpea recorded pod damage to an extent of 26.19% even after necessary plant protection measures. Solepigeonpea recorded significantly higher grain yield (1918 kg ha-1) than the other intercropped pigeonpea.Among various cropping systems, grain yield wassignificantly higher in pigeonpea + pearl millet (1630 kg ha-1) in 1:2 row. Significantly higher pigeonpea equivalent yield millet (2752 kg ha-1), higher gross returns, net returns and benefit cost ratio wasin pigeonpea + foxtail and was on par with pigeonpea + proso millet in 1:2 row proportions and pigeonpea + proso millet.

 Key words: Grain yield, Pod damage, Intercropping

212

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 10 (11) 866-871 (2017)

Combating the environmental crisis by understanding

the cross talk between religion and science

Rumisa Nazir2 and Taseen Gul1

1Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, University of Kashmir, Hazratbal, Srinagar, J&K, India-190006

2Department of Environmental Sciences, Govt. Degree College for Women, Nawakadal, Srinagar, J&K.INDIA-190002

*e-mail: rumisanazir@yahoo.com

(Received: September14, 2017; Revised received: October 15, 2017;Accepted: October 19, 2017)

 

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Abstract: Environmental degradation is characterized by rapid changes in environmental quality that are almost impossible to reverse. The changes are dramatic, unexpected, irreversible, deteriorating and leading to significant welfare losses. It is one of the worst threats facing the planet today and in the days to come it will make life intolerable to all form of living things. Thus, there is an immediate need to address the environmental issues and understand the different aspects and ways to overcome the problem. One of best strategy to bring about a change is to start it at the individual level because the crisis of human values has led to destruction of environment. Since the religion plays an important emphasis on individual development and has remarkable impact on arousing the inner consciousness for performing good environmental behaviours. It also describes the role of an individual in the world, how to treat the things around them whether they be other humans, members of plant or animal kingdom and role in conserving the resources. The religion and environment are interconnected because religion designates us a duty to make sure that we have a safer and viable world for ourselves and the generations to come. Moreover, the religious trends have a history in shaping the human behaviours towards the environment. On the other hand, the next most important aspect which has a great impact in our day to day life is the dependence of humans on Science. From the beginning, the humans have got highly fascinated by the progress of scientific field and it has played a vital role in day to day life, medicine, therapeutics, agriculture, industries and technological developments. Taken into consideration that both religion and science have remarkable impact on the life of living beings in this world, we suggest that merging of their ideas will be utmost helpful for betterment of environment related issues. The religion and science are intertwined in that they have a history together and will continue to have a role together in future. This is the only ground where science and religion can work together to find a solution for present environmental crisis.Here, we will discuss the strategies to how combination of religious concepts and practicality of scientific concepts will have a profound impact for betterment of environment which eventually will affect the humankind.

Key words: Religion, Islam, Science, Technological developments, Environment

213

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 10 (11) 872-879 (2017)

Effect of phosphorus, sulphur and bio-fertilizer on the productivity of chickpea (Cicerarietinum L.)

Rajneesh Singh, Ghanshyam Singh, Vipul Singh and Shashank Shekher Singh

Department of Agronomy, Narendra University of Agriculture and Technology, Faizabad (U.P.), India

*e-mail: rumisanazir@yahoo.com

(Received: October15, 2017; Revised received: November 01, 2017;Accepted: November 04, 2017)

 

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Abstract: A field experiment was conducted during rabi season of two consecutive years of 2014-15 and 2015-16. The experiment was layout in SPD having twenty four treatment combinations consisted of Three phosphorus levels (0, 30, 60 kg P2O5 ha-1), Two sulphur levels (0, 20 kg ha-1),and four seed inoculation treatment with biofertilizers (uninoculated, PSB, Rhizobium and PSB + Rhizobium). The soil of the experimental field was silty loam in texture with low organic carbon (0.30-0.35%) and nitrogen (175.4-180.20 kg ha-1) and medium in phosphorus (15.25-15.80 kg ha-1) and potassium (238-238 kg ha-1). The chickpea variety ‘Avrodhi’ was sown at the rate of 80 kg seed ha-1 in lines at 30 cm apart on 25th October during 2014-15 and on 22th October during 2015-16. The application of phosphorus significantly increased the number of pods plant-1, seed pod-1, test weight and seed, straw and biological yields, protein content in seed and straw, total uptake of N , P and S by chickpea up to 60 kg P2O5 ha-1and 20 kg S ha-1 . The seed inoculation with PSB + Rhizobium significantly increased all the growth and yield attributes, seed, straw and biological yields, protein content in seed and straw and total uptake of N , P and S by the crop over the uninoculated control. The highest gross income, net income and benefit: cost ratio were obtained with the application of 60 kg P2O5 ha-1, 20 kg ha-1 and seed inoculation with PSB + Rhizobium during both the years of experimentation.

Key words: Chickpea, Cicer arietinum L., Chickpea Varieties, P X S Levels and Biofertilizers

214

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 10 (11) 880-884 (2017)

Urbanization status and ground water quality district Raebareli, Uttar Pradesh, India

Abhishek Kumar, Ajai Mishra, and Daya Shankar Singh

Department of Geology, University of Lucknow.Lucknow- 226007, India

*e-mail: abhishek318@gmail.com

(Received: October17, 2017; Revised received: November 03, 2017;Accepted: November 09, 2017)

 

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Abstract: With the advent of civilization, human dependence on natural resources increases day by day. Urbanization is also one of the outcomes of civilization. Urbanization is also led to the stress on the natural resources of the area especially the land-use pattern and water quality. The area of district Raebareli is about 4,609km2. The population of Raebareli according to 2011 census is 3,405,559 which is 18.56 % more than 2001 population which was 2,872,335 (Census of India, 2011).The population density of the district is about 739persons/Km2. For water quality analysis; samples were collected from different areas of the district and analyzed to assess the quality of groundwater. The element such asNa, Ca,Mg,Cl,HCO3, SO4, CO3, EC, pH,TH and NO3 were analyzed for physico- chemical properties of the water and the Water Quality Index (WQI) is calculated on the basis of it. The chemical parameters includingNa, Ca, Mg, Cl, HCO3, SO4,EC, pH, TH and NO3were found to be in the range of 31.83- 299mg/l, 20.04-72.14 mg/l, 19.46- 107.01 mg/l,7.09- 177.30 mg/l, 231.84- 890.75 mg/l, 2.08- 130.01mg/l, 430- 2080ìmoh/cm , 7.90-8.10, 200.16-490 mg/l , 0.25-9.46 mg/l respectively. The results reveal that treatment of water is necessary before use for drinking purpose.The study deals with the effect of urbanization and industrialization on the groundwater quality of the district Raebareli.

Key words: Groundwater quality, Physico-chemical properties, urbanization, Water Quality Index, Raebareli

215

Exclusively Online

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 10 (11) 885-888 (2017)

Effect seed tape technology on seed germination and

seedling vigour in major vegetables

Bhaskaran. M1* and R. Sriram Prabha2

1Tamil Nadu Open University, Chennai, India

2Department of Seed Science and Technology, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India.,

*e-mail: bhaskm@yahoo.co.in

(Received: August 22, 2017; Revised received: September 05, 2017; Accepted: September 10, 2017)

 

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Abstract: Demand for supply of quality seeds in vegetable crops is increasing day by day among the farmers. Seed tape technology ensures efficient supply of quality seeds, ensures benefits of seed pelleting, prevents wastage by singling of seeds and provides opportunity for value addition of seeds. Seeds are attached to the biodegradable tapes at regular intervalsand used for planting which promotes faster germination and overall seedling growth apart from protecting seeds from pests and high temperatures. Seed tape allows to control depth of sowing and spacing thereby facilitating uniform seedling emergence and good establishment. The present study was aimed at studying the effect of seed tape technology on seed germination and seedling vigourin major vegetables viz., chilli (Hybrid CO 1) and brinjal(CO 2). Results indicated that seed tape I (0.25 gTrichodermaviride + 0.25 g Pseudomonas fluorescens+ 0.200 g of micronutrient mixture) for chilli and seed tape I (0.125 g Trichodermaviride + 0.125 g Pseudomonas fluorescens + 0.200 g of micronutrient mixture) for brinjalrecordedenhanced speed of germination, rate of germination (%), root length, shoot length, drymatter production and vigour index.

Key words: Seed tape technology, chilli, brinjal, seed germination and seedling vigour

216

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Res. Environ. Life Sci., 10 (11) 889-892 (2017)

Response of peroxidase and catalase activity in

Soybean (Glycine max L.) as affected by salinity

Naheed Siddiqui* and M. Singh

Department of Botany, University of Lucknow, Lucknow - 226007, India

*e-mail: drnaheedlohani@gmail.com

(Received: September 22, 2017; Revised received: November 18, 2017; Accepted: November 21, 2017)

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Abstract: As a crop, soybean is high in yield and easy to harvest. It is one of the most important world’s crop, grown for oil and protein, also strengthen the national economy by providing livelihood to millions of the people. The data clearly indicates increasing trends in all soybean varieties. Almost there intrinsic abilities in relation to increase in peroxidase (%) is correlated with salinity levels and also duration. The data also supports the trends as observed with the increase in peroxidase activities. Both these enzymes are stress mitigating biomolecules therefore, biologically both of them have behaved as per biological rule in supporting the biological system.

Key words: Salinity, Peroxidase, Catalase, NaCl, Soybean

 

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