RESEARCH IN ENVIRONMENT AND LIFE SCIENCES

Volume-10, Number-12, December-2017

 

217

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 10 (12) 893-899 (2017)

To study the productivity of chickpea (Cicerarietinum L.) by the effect of phosphorus, sulphur and bio-fertilizer

Rajneesh Singh, Ghanshyam Singh, Vipul Singh and Shashank Shekher Singh

Department of Agronomy, Narendra University of Agriculture and Technology, Faizabad (U.P.), India

*e-mail: rumisanazir@yahoo.com

(Received: October 22, 2017; Revised received: November 18, 2017; Accepted: November 22, 2017)

 

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Abstract: A field experiment was conducted at the Agronomy Research Farm of Narendra Deva University of Agriculture & Technology, Kumarganj, Faizabad (U.P.) during rabi season of two consecutive years of 2014-15 and 2015-16. The experiment was layout in SPD having twenty four treatment combinations consisted of Three phosphorus levels (0, 30, 60 kg P2O5 ha-1), Two sulphur levels (0, 20 kg ha-1),and four seed inoculation treatment with biofertilizers (uninoculated, PSB, Rhizobium and PSB + Rhizobium). The soil of the experimental field was silty loam in texture with low organic carbon (0.30-0.35%) and nitrogen (175.4-180.20 kg ha-1) and medium in phosphorus (15.25-15.80 kg ha-1) and potassium (238-238 kg ha-1). The chickpea variety Avrodhi was sown at the rate of 80 kg seed ha-1 in lines at 30 cm apart on 25th October during 2014-15 and on 22th October during 2015-16. The application of phosphorus significantly increased the number of pods plant-1, seed pod-1, test weight and seed, straw and biological yields, protein content in seed and straw, total uptake of N , P and S by chickpea up to 60 kg P2O5 ha-1and 20 kg S ha-1 . The seed inoculation with PSB + Rhizobium significantly increased all the growth and yield attributes, seed, straw and biological yields, protein content in seed and straw and total uptake of N , P and S by the crop over the uninoculated control. The highest gross income, net income and benefit: cost ratio were obtained with the application of 60 kg P2O5 ha-1, 20 kg ha-1 and seed inoculation with PSB + Rhizobium during both the years of experimentation.

Key words: Chickpea, Cicer arietinum L., Chickpea Varieties, Phosphorus Levels, Sulphur Levels and Biofertilizers

218

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 10 (12) 900-903 (2017)

Sedge flora of Lucknow

Sonia Saini

Department of Botany, Isabella Thoburn College, Lucknow 226007, India

*e-mail: lalitsonia29@gmail.com

(Received: October 29, 2017; Revised received: November 26, 2017;Accepted: November 30, 2017)

 

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Abstract: The paper deals with the systematic enumeration of plants of family Cyperaceae. The enumeration comprises 22 species belonging the different 6 genera followed by correct botanical name, short descriptions, Phenology and field notes along with their uses.

Key words: Floristic, Cyperaceae, uses

219

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 10 (12) 904-905 (2017)

Onion cultivation under moisture desiccate area of bundelkhand (u.p.)

v.R. Chaudhary1, R.k. singh2, Ram prakash2 and M.K. Singh1

1C.S. AzadUniversity of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur-208002, India

2K.V.K. Rura Mallu, Jalaun

*e-mail: vikas.ranjan06@gmail.com

(Received: October 22, 2017; Revised received: November 23, 2017;Accepted: November 27, 2017)

 

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Abstract: The adaptive trail was carried out during late autumn season of 2003-04 at farmers fields of Jalaun district. The pilot area situated in the catchment area of river Pahuj, having Parwa and mixed Kabar soils. The different doses of nutrients i.e., control 80 kg N + 40 kg P2O5 + 00 kg K2O/ha, 100 kg N + 60 kg P2O5 + 40 kg K2O/ha and 120 kg N + 80 kg P2O5 + 80 kg K2O/ha were tested on farmers fields. The maximum bulb yield of 298.00 q/ha was recorded under 120 kg N + 80 kg P2O5 + 80 kg K2O/ha. Application of 80 kg N + 40 kg P2O5 + 00 kg K2O/ha reduced the bulb yield in comparison to higher doses of NPK but boosted the bulb yield by a margin of 41.5 q/ha over the control. The yield contributing traits were concordance to the bulb yield. The higher gross return of Rs. 596000/ha, net return Rs. 526790/ha and BCR 1:8.61 were found higher under 120 kg N + 80 kg P2O5 + 80 kg K2O/ha in comparison to other tested treatments.

Key words: Autumn season, boost, Catchments area, Salad, Spice

220

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 10 (12) 906-908 (2017)

Maize-early potato-potato cropping system is a path of prosperity to the farm families of Farrukhabad district, U.P.

Dinesh Singh Yadav1 and Dharmendra Yadav2

1Education Department of Kanpur Dehat; 2 C.S. Azad university of Agriculture & Technology, Kanpur-208002, India

*e-mail: dineshsinghyadav678@gmail.com

(Received: November 01, 2017; Revised received: November 28, 2017;Accepted: November 30, 2017)

 

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Abstract: The study was carried out during Kharif and Rabi season of 2000-01 and 2001-02. The 100 farmers of 10 villages of district Farrukhabad was selected for the study. The selected farmers were grouped into 3 categories i.e., marginal farmers (holding below 1 ha), small farmers (holding 1-2 ha) and big farmers (holding above 2 ha). The information pertaining yield, cost of cultivation and net return were collected from the farmers through personal interview under maize-early potato-late/main crop of potato and maize-late/main crop of potato cropping system. Average maize yield by 19.50 q/ha, 20.25 q/ha and 21.50 q/ha were recorded from marginal, small and big farmers, respectively. The marginal, small and big farmers received net return Rs. 63.00 ha, Rs. 334.00/ha and Rs. 360.00/ha, respectively, from maize. The average tubers yield of early potato raised after maize recorded by 140.00 q/ha from marginal farmers, 155.00 q/ha from small farmers and 165.00 q/ha from big farmers. The net profit of Rs. 37690.00/ha, 49420.00/ha and 56818.00/ha received by marginal, small and big farmers, respectively from the early production of potato. The late/main potato yield of 200.00 q/ha, 225.00 q/ha and 235.00 q/ha was noted from marginal, small and big farmers, respectively. The marginal, small and big farmers earned net profit from late/main crop of potato by Rs. 46837.00/ha, 61692.00/ha and Rs. 67535.00/ha, respectively. The over all net return from cropping system of maize-early potato-late/main crop of potato received by marginal, small and big farmers by Rs. 84590.00/ha, Rs. 111446.00/ha and Rs. 125713.00/ha, respectively. Similarly, maize-late/main crop of potato cropping system provided Rs. 46900.00/ha, Rs. 62026.00/ha and Rs. 68895.00/ha to marginal, small and big farmers, respectively. Thus, maize-early potato-late/main crop of potato cropping system gave more net profit over the maize-late/main crop of potato to each group of farmers.

Key words: Big farm, cropping system, Intensive cultivation, Marginal farm, Small farm.

221

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 10 (12) 909-912 (2017)

Performance of baby corn as influenced by organic sources of nutrients

Keerthirani, D. S. and Sharanappa

University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560 065, India

*e-mail: keerthana924@gmail.com

(Received: November 03, 2017; Revised received: November 27, 2017;Accepted: November 30, 2017)

 

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Abstract: A field experiment was conducted at the University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK, Bengaluru during kharif, 2014 to study the effect of organic sources on growth, yield and economics of baby corn. There were nine treatments replicated thrice in RCBD. Among the organic nutrient management treatments, application of poultry manure and enriched biodigester liquid manure (EBDLM) at 75 kg N eq. ha-1, respectively + panchagavya (3%) at 15 and 45 days after sowing (DAS) + vermiwash at 30 DAS recorded significantly higher baby corn yield with and without husk and green fodder yield (13.75, 3.68 and42.43 t ha-1, respectively) and was on par with application of FYM at 10 t ha-1 + 150:75:40 kg NPK ha-1 (14.76, 4.12 and 43.88 t ha-1, respectively) as a result of higher growth parameters viz., Plant height, leaf area, LAI and dry matter production and yield parameters viz., Length, girth, volumeand fresh weight of cob, respectively. Whereas, the highest net returns of Rs.1,63,885 ha-1 was obtained with FYM 10 t ha-1 + 150:75:40 kg NPK ha-1 followed by poultry manure and EBDLMat 75 kg N eq. ha-1, respectively + panchagavya (3%) at 15 and 45 DAS + vermiwash at 30 DAS (Rs.1,53,208).

Key words: Organic baby corn, panchagavya, poultry manure, Vermiwash

222

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 10 (12) 913-916 (2017)

Effect of tannery effluent on morphological parameters

and metal accumulation in spinach plant

Kamlesh Nath1, B. Pratap Singh1, Dharam Singh2 and Y. K. Sharma1

1Department of Environment Science, University of Lucknow, Lucknow -226 007, U.P. India

2Department of Environmental Science, I.B.S.B.T., C.S.J.M. University, Kanpur-208 002, India

*e-mail: nathkamlesh@rediffmail.com

(Received: October 23, 2017; Revised received: November 22, 2017;Accepted: November 24, 2017)

 

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Abstract: The presence of heavy metal ions such as chromium in industrial waste water is a potential hazard to aquatic, animal and human life. Chromium compounds are widely used in a number of industries such as leather, textile, chemical printing dye-ink manufacturing metal electroplating industries etc. The effects of tannery effluent on morphological parameters on spinach plant were studied in present study. The Leaf area, fresh weight and dry weight of leaves significantly increased in 10% and 25 % tannery effluent than control and rapidly decreased from 50% tannery effluent onwards. The moisture % significantly decreased as tannery effluent increased. Leaf area was higher with 25 ppm of zinc sulphate, iron sulphate and 10 ppm of potassium sulphate in combination with 50% tannery effluent. The chromium accumulation in leaf was increase with increased in concentration of tannery effluent. In recovery treatments it was higher with 10 ppm zinc sulphate, potassium sulphate and 25 ppm of iron sulphate when combinedly used with 50% tannery effluent. The zinc accumulation was decreases with increase of tannery effluent concentration. However, potassium and iron were increased in 10% tannery effluent but started to decrease on 25 % tannery effluent onwards.

Key words: Tannery effluent, chromium, Potassium, zinc, iron

223

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 10 (12) 917-920 (2017)

Effect of chemical vernalization on seed germination and seedling growth in soybean

Rukshi Aslam1 andY. K. Sharma2

1Department of Botany, Karamat Husain Muslim Girls P.G. College, Lucknow 226 021, India

2Department of Botany, University of Lucknow, Lucknow 226 007, India

*e-mail: rukshiali@yahoo.com

(Received: October 23, 2017; Revised received: November 22, 2017;Accepted: November 24, 2017)

 

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Abstract: The chemical used in the experiment was salicylic acid which belongs to an extra ordinary diverse group of plant phenolics, usually defined as substances those posses an aromatic ring bearing a hydroxyl group or its functional derivatives. Plant phenolics are also referred to as secondary metabolites. Salicylic acid and other plant phenolics are biosynthesized in several different ways. Germination percentage was found to be increased from 97.00 of control to 99.00 in distilled water + low temperature, i.e. control. Moisture percentage was found to be increased to 88.9% in control + LT as compared to 83.2% of control. In the experiment seed germination was found to be enhanced with the application of IAA. The second growth regulator used in the work was gibberellic acid. The seed germination percentage was found to be increased with gibberellic acid. Gibberellic acid showed an inhibitory effect on the activity of catalase and peroxidase. Amylase activity was found to be increased in the experiment with the effect of GA soyabean. Total protein and sugar contents were found to be increased with IAA as well as GA. The chemical used in the experiment was salicylic acid which is helpful in plant disease resistance, and also a well known growth inhibitor which showed negative effect on plant growth and enzyme activity. Seed germination percentage was found to be decreased with the effect of salicylic acid. The poor germination was observed due to lower intake of water and poor amylase activity.

Key words: Salicylic acid, IAA, Seed germination, Amylase, Catalase, Peroxidase

224

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 10 (12) 921-924 (2017)

Present status, prospects and scope of in vitro mutant selection: simple mutation breeding approach for improving crop plants with enhanced abiotic stress tolerance

Muthukumar, M*., Anju Bajpai, V.K. Singh and S. Rajan

ICAR-Central Institute for Subtropical Horticulture,Rehmankhera, PO Kakori, Lucknow-226 101, India

*e-mail: muthukumarbt@gmail.com

(Received: October 29, 2017; Revised received: November 26, 2017; Accepted: November 28, 2017)

 

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Abstract: Abiotic stresses like drought, salinity, cold, frost and metal toxicity are key concerns that affects crop plants in terms of economic yield and productivity. The effects of these stresses are aggravated by the changing climatic scenario. Conventional methods of breeding to develop abiotic stress tolerant crop plants are time consuming and are also limited by paucity of resistant varieties in the gene pool for some crop plants. Mutation breeding is one the promising approaches to evolve crop plants with enhanced abiotic stress tolerance, but it also has limitations. Alternate to this mutation breeding approach is incorporating mutation and selection in tissue culture plants which is called in vitro mutant selection. This approach seems to be promising and has been proved successful in many crop plants. The present review summarizes the details of the selection agents and strategies that have been adopted in developing mutant lines through in vitro mutant selection against stresses like salinity, acidity, drought, metal toxicity and cold stress with few examples and illustrations. This paper gives an overall view of the potentials, prospects and scope of in vitro mutant selection in crop plants against various abiotic stresses.

Key words: abiotic stress, in vitro mutant selection, stress tolerance

 

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