RESEARCH IN ENVIRONMENT AND LIFE SCIENCES

Volume-10, Number-9, September-2017

 

182

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 10 (9) 732-738 (2017)

 

Role of green energy in sustainable development:A Review

Pooja Singh1, Barkha Vaish1, Bhavisha Sharma1, Vaibhav Srivastava1, Sonu Singh2, Rajeev Pratap Singh1, 3*

1Institute of Environment and Sustainable Development, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221005, India

2Hazardous Substance Management Division, Jal Wing, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change,

Jor Bagh Road,New Delhi -110003, India

3WARI Fellow, Robert B. Daugherty Water for Food Institute, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, USA

*e-mail: rajeevprataps@gmail.com

(Received: December 22, 2016; Revised received: May 12, 2017;Accepted: May 18, 2017)

 

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Abstract: Globally, environmental concerns over greenhouse gas emissions, climate change, ozone depletion etc. are related to energy production and its consumption. These issues must be taken into serious consideration so as to achieve global stability in terms of energy security by reducing the use of fossil fuels for energy generation. If humans keep on depleting the resources and degrading the environment, the future of human generation will be bleak. Therefore, to achieve a sustainable future, society must optimally use the resources available for energy generation with no or very little environmental impact. This shows that energy, environment and sustainable development are correlated. So, it is suggested that adopting green energy technologies at domestic and industrial sector would be the foremost factor in determining the sustainable future for sustainable economy. In order to achieve sustainable development of the country it is necessary to stabilize the energy demand through green energy sources and technologies. It is believed that switching to green energy based technologies could help in combating the worldwide concerns over climate change and therefore should be promoted by the government and other authorities.

Keywords: Green energy, Renewable energy, Environment; Sustainable development; Energy demand, India

183

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 10 (9) 739-743 (2017)

 

Biocontrol agents associated with stem borer complex of rice - A Review

Chhavi*, Surender K. Sharma and Vinay Singh

Department of Entomology, CSK Himachal Pradesh Agricultural University, Palampur-176 062, Himachal Pradesh, India

*e-mail: chhavi.reflection@gmail.com

(Received: August 30, 2016; Revised received: April 04, 2017;Accepted: April 09, 2017)

 

 

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Abstract: Rice crop has a relatively large number of insect-pests associated with it inflicting yield losses to an extent of 25 per cent. Among the major rice pests, stem borers are economically important worldwide. The stem borers are most vulnerable to natural enemies at the egg, larval and adult stages and on an average only 1-4 per cent of the egg population reaches adulthood while the rest perishes due to biotic and abiotic factors. The biocontrol agents including parasitoids, predators and nematodes are the major biotic factors utilised for their suppression. The majority of parasitoids attacking stem borers belong to orders Hymenoptera and Diptera while among predators, anthocoridae, pentatomidae, reduviidae, carabidae, coccinellidae, staphylinidae, chrysopidae, cecidomyiidae, syrphidae, formicidae, gerridae, miridae, vellidae and dytiscidae are the most common families. Besides, pathogens like bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa and nematodes are also known to attack the pest. Lot of literature on the biological control of rice insect pests is available claiming efficacy in a range between 3 to 100 per cent but is all scattered. Hence compiled information in this review article would be helpful in the application of eco-friendly management against rice stem borers.

Key words: Stem borer, Parasitoid, Predator, Trichogramma

184

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 10 (9) 744-746 (2017)

 

Ichthyofaunal diversity in Sarangpani Lake, Bhopal (India)

Monika Dubey1,2*, N.C. Ujjania2 and Kamlesh Burrana1

1Department of Zoology and Applied Aquaculture, Barkhatullah University, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India

 2Department of Aquatic Biology, Veer Narmad South Gujarat University, Surat, Gujarat, India

*e-mail: monika_aqua12@yahoo.co.in

(Received: November 30, 2016; Revised received: April 09, 2017;Accepted: April 12, 2017)

 

 

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Abstract: The present study deals with Ichthyofaunal diversity in Sarangpani Lake from Bhopal (India) and study was undertaken during July 2007 to December 2007. The results of present were revealed that the Ichthyofaunal diversity was existed in this water body, available 13 fish species belonging to 3 orders, 5 families and 10 genera. The order Cypriniformes was dominant (6 species) followed by Siluriformes (2 species) and Perciformes (2 species) which indicate rich icthyofaunal diversity. The available fish fauna contribute 4.73 mt of fish production. It is conclude that this water body is rich in ichthyodiversity but fishes have reach to the extinct due to discharges pollutant so the conservation of existed fish fauna is important sustainable diversity.

Key words: Ichthyofaunal diversity, Sarangpani Lake, Fish production status, Extinct

185

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 10 (9) 747-750 (2017)

 

Distribution of available nutrients and land capability classification of some pulse growing soils of Narsinghpur district, Madhya Pradesh

J.P.N. Trivedi1, B.K. Dixit2, B.S. Dwivedi1 and P. N. Tripathi*3

1Department of Soil Science and Agril. Chem., JNKVV, Jabalpur-482004, India

2College of Agriculture, Tikamgarh (MP), India; 3KVK, Shahdol (MP), India

*e-mail: tripathikvk19@gmail.com

(Received: December 28, 2016; Revised received: April 22, 2017;Accepted: April 28, 2017)

 

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Abstract: Six representative soil pedons in Supla, Dhamna and Malahpipariya villages of district Narsinghpur were exposed and studied for their vertical distribution of available nutrients and land capability classification. The soils were low in available N (<250 kg ha-1), low to medium in available phosphorus (4.7 to 13.8 kg ha-1 ) and medium to high in available K (317 to 769 kg ha-1). Available S (2.0 to 12.8 mg kg-1) and Zn (0.24 to 0.61 mg kg-1) were found low to medium in all the soils. Soil irrigability classes in all pedons were found as B. It was observed that lands with irrigability classes 2 and 3 were most dominant covering large cultivated area. The area under Supla, Dhamna and Malahpipariya villages were classified in II and III land capability classes.

Key words: Available N, P, K, S, Zn and land capability classification

186

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 10 (9) 751-756 (2017)

 

Impact of fly ash and organic additives on heavy metal uptake and biological property of soil

K. Theresa*1, S. Sheeba1, K. Arulmozhiselvan1 and S. Vijayakumar2

1*Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, TNAU, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

2Department of Floriculture and Landscpar Architecture, IIHR, Bangalore

*e-mail: theresakt92@gmail.com

(Received: October 09, 2016; Revised received: May 07, 2017;Accepted: May 12, 2017)

 

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Abstract: The present study represents the influence of fly ash, and organic manures on the heavy metal uptake and biological property of soil. A field experiment was conducted during 2014-15 using fly ash (@ 20 t ha-1) with combination of different manures viz., Farm Yard Manure (FYM @ 12.5 tha-1), Humic acid (HA @37.5 liters ha-1) and Green Leaf Manure (GLM @ 6.25 t ha-1) along with different levels of fertilizers. Fly ash generated from Mettur Thermal Power Station was selected for the experiment. Analysis of fly ash revealed that it is neutral to alkaline (pH 8.1) in reaction and free from salinity.The results confirmed that fly ash contains all the elements as that of soil except organic carbon and nitrogen. Total content of P, K, Ca, Mg and micronutrients were high. The fly ash containing heavy metal content viz., Cr (2.1 mg kg-1), Pb (2.6 mg kg-1) and Cd (1.1 mg kg-1) were quantified by DTPA extractable method. The harvested rice crop (grain and straw) and experimental soil were assessed for heavy metal content.Based on the data obtained it is found that bio concentration of heavy metals accumulated in the rice (grain and straw) and soil was very low and below the permissible limits provided for human conception. The microbial population was not affected due to the fly ash application. The increase in microbial population was noticed when fly ash was added with manures.

Key words: Fly ash, FYM, HA, GLM, rice, heavy metal content, microbial population

187

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 10 (9) 757-759 (2017)

 

Correlation and path analysis studies of rice (Oryza sativa L.) germplasm accessions

S.K. Nair, M. Burman*, A.K. Sarawgi, B. Sharma, G.R. Sahu and R.K. Rao

Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, (IGKV) Raipur-492012, Chhattisgarh, India

*e-mail: maumitaburman@gmail.com

(Received: December 01, 2016; Revised received: May 07, 2017;Accepted: May 12, 2017)

 

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Abstract: An investigation was carried out during kharif 2014 on 100 genotypes of rice germplasm accessions to study character inter- relationship using correlation and path analysis. Character association analysis revealed significant positive association of grain yield per plant with number of effective tillers per plant (r =0.4968), total number of grains per panicle (r= 0.4331), plant height (r = 0.3914), panicle length (r=0.3541) and number of filled grains per panicle (r= 0.481). Hence selection for these traits can enhance yield. Path coefficient analysis revealed that numbers of filled grains per panicle is the main components of grain yield and should be given high priority in the selection programme as it has high direct effect (0.7501) for yield and have high indirect effect for grain yield via Plant height (0.3817), Panicle Length (0.3465) and total number of grains per panicle (0.7235).

Key words: Correlation, Path analysis, Rice, Yield and quality traits

188

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 10 (9) 760-762 (2017)

 

Varietal impact on tuberization of potato under climate change in central tract of Uttar Pradesh

R.A. Singh*, Amar Singh, N. Lari, S.B. Pal, P.K. Rathi, Jitendra Singh and S. Chandra

C.S. Azad University of Agriculture & technology, Kanpur-208002

*e-mail: rasinghcsau@gmail.com

(Received: January 07, 2017; Revised received: May 14, 2017;Accepted: May 19, 2017)

 

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Abstract: The on farm trial was carried out during winter season of 2013-14 and 2014-15 at mainpuri and Kannauj districs of uttar Pradesh. The soil of pilot area of both site was sandy loam, having poor fertility status. Five varieties i.e., Kufri Jyoti, Kufri Jawahar, Kufri Pukhraj, Kufri Puskar and Kufri Ashoka were tested on farmer fields under climate change. The potato crop was sown first October and harvested on 25 December during both experimental years. The recommended agronomical practices were followed for raising of test varieties of potato. The cv. Kufri Pukhraj gave significantly higher tuber yield by 434.00 q/ha, closely followed by Kufri Jawahar (432.00 q/ha) over other three test ciltivars. Kufri Puskar and Kufri Ashoka yielded statistically at par potato tubers by 392.00 q/ha and 390.00 q/ha, respectively. The lowest production was recorded with Kufri Jyoti i.e., 345.00 q/ha. The growth and yield traits were concordent to the yield obtained from different test cultivars of potato.

Key words: Green house gas, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, Potato tuberization

189

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 10 (9) 763-765 (2017)

 

Detection of canine distemper in conjunctival and nasal swabs of dogs

Shagun Gupta1, Gurpreet Kaur1*, Dipak Deka2 and P N Dwivedi1

1 Department of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary Science, 2 School of Animal Biotechnology,

Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana-141001, Punjab, India

*e-mail: gurpreet7502@rediffmail.com

(Received: February 17, 2017; Revised received: May 19, 2017;Accepted: May 26, 2017)

 

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Abstract: The present study was undertaken to detect the presence of canine distemper virus (CDV) in suspected dogs by immunochromatographic (IC) strip test and nested RT-PCR. A total of 100 samples (50 each of conjunctival and nasal swabs) were collected from dogs suspected of canine distemper. These samples were tested by IC strip test using Ubio quickVET canine distemper virus Ag detection kit for preliminary diagnosis and then subjected to molecular detection by nested RT-PCR. Twenty eight samples were found positive by the Ubio quickVet kit and out of these positive samples 17(34%) were conjunctival swabs and 11(22%) were nasal swabs. A total of 50 samples were subjected to nested RT-PCR for the detection of CD virus RNA by amplification of N gene and desired amplicon of 419bp was observed in nine samples, out of which 6 (24%) were conjunctival swabs and 3(12%) were nasal swabs. Nested RT-PCR of N gene is the reliable technique for the detection of CDV and conjunctival swab samples would be the most suitable and practical specimen for the early detection of CDV infection.

Key words: Canine distemper, Conjunctival swabs, Dogs, Nested RT-PCR

190

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 10 (9) 766-769 (2017)

 

Reaction of early generation sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] populations to downey mildew disease

Sanjeevsingh Rajaput1*, Kamatar M.Y.1, Yashavantha Kumar K.J.1, Bharamaraj Badiger2* and Brunda S.M.1

1Department of Genetics and Plant breeding, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad-580005, Karnataka, India

2Department of Seed Science and Technology, UAS, G.K.V.K, Bangalore, India

*e-mail: sanjeevsinghrjpt@gmail.com

(Received: August 16, 2016; Revised received: April 01, 2017;Accepted: April 05, 2017)

 

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Abstract: An investigation was carried out at AICSIP, UAS Dharwad to assess downey mildew reaction in early generations (F2 and F3) populations viz., SPV 1624 x IS 7528, SPV 1624 x IS 3443, SVD 9601 x IS 7528, SVD 9601 x IS 3443, SB 401B x IS 7528 and SB 401B x IS 3443 derived from cross between diverse parental lines including agronomic superior lines (SPV 1624 and SVD 9601), downey mildew resistant(IS 7528 and IS 3443) and downey mildew susceptible line (SB 401B). The F2 populations of SVD 9601 x IS 3443 (1.7 %), SPV 1624 x IS 3443 (1.8%) were recorded lower systemic infection to downy mildew followed by SVD 9601 x IS 7528 (2 %) and SPV 1624 x IS 7528 (2.1%). Agronomically superior F2 plants with downy mildew resistance were advanced to next generation. From the advanced F2, five F3 families free from systemic infection of downy mildew with better yield were identified from four cross combinations.

Key words: Downy mildew, Systemic infection, Local infection, Population, Resistance

191

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 10 (9) 770-774 (2017)

 

Assessment of information and communication technologies (ICTs) exposure of the P.G. students in central agricultural university Imphal

Rilangbor D.*, Daya Ram and M.K. Singh

Department of Extension Education, College of Agriculture Central Agricultural University, Imphal-795004 Manipur, India

*e-mail: d.dram@rediffmail.com

(Received: October 05, 2016; Revised received: March 04, 2017;Accepted: March 12, 2017)

 

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Abstract: Information and Communication Technology (ICT) enables the dissemination of requisite information at the right time. This revolution in information technology has made access to the information easy and cost-effective. The world is undergoing an Information Communication Technology (ICT) revolution, a revolution that has enormous socio-economic implications for the developed and developing countries. Science and Technology have undergone revolutionary changes in recent past. Only a few decades ago, all telecommunications services were delivered over copper wires. More recently, the world has witnessed the exponential growth of ICT. Today, the dazzling collection of new technologies, services and applications has led to a digital age in which access has become a key component of people’s lives.The study was conducted in Central Agricultural University, Imphal of Manipur during the year 2014-2015 (Previous and Final Year P.G Students). Majority (70.833%) of the P.G Students had medium ICTs exposure, (17.50%) of the P.G Students had low ICTs exposure and (11.667%) of them had high ICTs exposure. Family background, Family income, father’s education, father’s computer knowledge, mother’s computer knowledge and accessibility to computer were found to be positively and significantly related with the ICTs exposure of the P.G Students.

Key words: Information and Communication Technologies exposure, Utilization, Knowledge and Time spend

192

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 10 (9) 775-778 (2017)

 

Varietal performance and economics of rose cultivation under protected conditions

Shivaprasad S.G.*, Nataraj S.K., Latha S.,Ravi C.H. and Suryakant K. Vader

Department of Floriculture and Landscape Architecture, College of Horticulture, Mudigere, Chikkamagalur-577132, India

*e-mail: shivaprasadflori@gmail.com

(Received: December 17, 2016; Revised received: April 11, 2017;Accepted: April 22, 2017)

 

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Abstract: An investigation on performance of rose cultivars under naturally ventilated polyhouse in hill zone of Karnataka. The cultivars viz., Grand Gala, Noblesse, Corvetti, First Red, Gold Strike, Shakira, Arka Swadesh, Konfetti, Tineke and Tajmahal were taken for study. Among different rose cultivars, Grand Gala recorded maximum plant height (97.43 cm). While, Shakira recorded maximum number of shoots per plant (3.70). The Cultivar Konfetti recorded maximum chlorophyll ‘a’, chlorophyll ‘b’ and total chlorophyll content (2.72, 1.74 and 4.48 mg/g, respectively). In case of quality and yield attributes, Grand Gala took minimum daysfor first flower bud initiation and flower harvest(16.30 and 36.24 days, respectively). Maximum vase life (9.22 days) was also observed in Grand Gala.Highest benefit cost ratio was recorded in Tajmahal (3.55). Among the rose cultivars studied, the cultivars Tajmahal, Shakiraand Arka Swadesh were found to be superior for cultivation under naturally ventilated polyhouse in hill zone of Karnataka.

Key words: Rose, Cultivars, Quality, NVPH, Economics

193

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 10 (9) 779-782 (2017)

 

Effect of graded doses of prilled urea on transport and transformation of nitrogen in soil column

D. Sethi*, A.K. Dash, P. Kamp, C. Roy, S. Pogula, M. Prusty and S. Dash

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar-751003, Odisha

*e-mail: debadattaouat@gmail.com

(Received: December 08, 2016; Revised received: May 02, 2017;Accepted: May 07, 2017)

 

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Abstract: A leaching study was conducted in the research laboratory to study the effect of the dose of prilled urea (PU) on the transport and transformation of nitrogen in packed soil column. The air dried soil sample collected from the central experiment research station of O. U. A. T. was packed layer wise in 4 PVC columns having diameter of 8.6cm and height of 15cm. with an bulk density of 1.5 Mg m-3. Four soil columns consist of; C1- No nitrogen(Control), C2 – 50 kg N ha-1, C3 – 75 kg N ha-1 and C4 -100 kg N ha-1. In all the soil columns nitrogen was applied in form of prilled urea (PU). The soil columns were leached with distilled water by the help of marriot device with a flow rate of 15±1 ml h-1. The breakthrough curves for NH2-N indicated that highest mean resident time of 30 h was observed with C4 (100 kg N ha-1) whereas lowest value of 15 h was observed with C3 (75 kg N ha-1). The highest NH2-N velocity of 0.63cmh-1 was observed with C1 followed by 0.58cm h-1 with C4. Highest recovery fraction of 0.392 was observed with C4 due to higher rate of application of nitrogen and lowest value of 0.293 was observed with C2 where nitrogen application rate is relatively less. The breakthrough curves for NO3--N indicated that highest mean resident time of 48 h was observed with C4 (100 kg N ha-1) whereas lowest value of 30 h was observed with C1 (No nitrogen). The highest NO3--N velocity of 0.47cmh-1 was observed with C1 followed by 0.39 cm h-1 with C4. Highest recovery fraction of 0.44 was observed with C4 due to higher nitrogen application and lowest value of 0.39 with C2. It was observed that application of higher dose of N fertilizer provide more time & availability of N to plant.

Key words: Breakthrough curve, Urea leaching, Mean resident time, Soil column, Velocity of nitrogen

194

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 10 (9) 783-786 (2017)

 

Variability and genetic control over the mineral nutrients and proximate composition in leaves of plus tree progenies of Bauhinia variegata Linn.

Ratan Kumar Anand*1, Siya Ram2 and S.K. Singh1

1Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Sonbhadra, At: CRS Tissuhi, Marihan, Mirzapur-231310, (N.D.U.A.&T., Faizabad)U.P., India

2K.V.K., Balrampur

*e-mail: ratananand@rediffmail.com

(Received: August 28, 2015; Revised received: April 25, 2017;Accepted: April 30, 2017)

 

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Abstract: To study the extent of genetic variability and genetic control over the mineral nutrients and proximate principles, seeds were collected from 48 plus trees growing at different places of Solan and Sirmour districts of Himachal Pradesh. These were sown in the nursery under randomized block design. After 16 months growth leaf sample were collected and analyzed for their mineral and proximate principles.viz., N, P, K, Ca, Mg, dry matter content, crude protein, crude fibre, ether extract, total ash and nitrogen free extract.Highly significant differences among plus tree families for nitrogen, potassium and most of the proximate principles were observed.Nitrogen and potassium was found in the range of 1.23-2.30 % and 0.51 – 1.05 %. Among the minerals genotypic and phenotypic coefficient of variability was observed higher for nitrogen (14.957 and 9.980), whereas these were found higher for ether extract (34.149 and 25.654), leaf fresh weight (24.755 and 22.569) and leaf dry weight (21.009 and 18.784). Phenotypic coefficient of variability (PCV) were higher than the corresponding genotypic coefficient of variability (GCV) for all the traits studied, indicating thereby, that the characters have interacted with the environment to some degree. Highest heritability in conjunction with high genetic gain (%) was observed for leaf fresh weight (0.83 and 42.34) followed by leaf dry weight (0.79 and 34.58). All the minerals showed lower value of heritability (below 0.56) and genetic gain (below 22.34 %).Therefore, present study showed that most of the proximate principles have least influence of the environment and these traits can be improved through the direct selection, whereas, mineral nutrients have more influence of the environment, due to which simple selection will be a limiting factor for the improvement of traits related to mineral nutrients.

Key words: Bauhinia variegata, Heritability, Proximate principles, Plus tree

195

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 10 (9) 787-792 (2017)

 

Development and qualitative evaluation of mixed fruit based RTS beverage

Yogendra singh, Ankit singh and Anuj

Dept. of Agricultural Engineering and Food Technology, SVP University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut (U.P.) 250110, India

*e-mail: yogen90@gmail.com

(Received: November 22, 2015; Revised received: May 12, 2017;Accepted: May 19, 2017)

 

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Abstract: Experimental studies were conducted for the production of Orange and carrot based RTS beverage and its quality evaluation. The quality attributes comprised of acidity, pH, optical density, TSS, ascorbic acid, total plate count and sensory quality parameters on 9- point hedonic scale. Evaluation of quality parameters were done for fresh as well as stored RTS samples at 0, 15, 30, 45, 60, 75 and 90 days of storage under different storage conditions. RTS beverageand carrot samples were packed in glass bottles. The TSS and acidity of Orange and carrot RTS beverage increased with increase in the level of Orange juice ratio at different storage condition and the optical density increased with increase in the level of carrot juice ratio. The pH decreased with increase in the level of carrot juice and pH values of the samples composition 80:20, 70:30 and 60:40 after 90 days of storage were observed as 1.88, 1.95 and 2.00 respectively, at refrigeration condition. The total plate count (TPC) of the RTS samples of different Orange and carrot juice ratio of 80:20, 70:30 and 60:40 were observed as 1.055×105cfu/ml, 1.058×105cfu/ml and 1.060×105cfu/ml at refrigerator temperature condition. The microbial growth increased during storage period irrespective of carrot juice ratio at different storage condition. The minimum ascorbic acid of the sample of juice ratio (Orange: carrot) 80:20, 70:30 and 60:40 after 90 days of storage were observed as 1.90, 1.67 and 1.50 respectively, at refrigeration condition. The higher score of overall acceptability was 7.92 for the fresh samples and the minimum scored awarded for overall acceptability was 6.22 for the RTS sample Orange and carrot juice ratio 80:20 at refrigerator temperature condition. However, the overall acceptability of beverage decreased with increase in storage period. It was concluded that refrigerated storage method was found to be superior over other methods of storage of Orange and carrot based RTS beverage followed by BOD incubator and room temperature conditions.

Keywords: Orange, Carrot, RTS, beverage, Juice, blending, physico-chemical and sensory quality

 

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