RESEARCH IN ENVIRONMENT AND LIFE SCIENCES

Volume-11, Number-1, 2 and 3, January, February and March-2018

 

1.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 11 (1) 1-6 (2018)

 

Efficacy of biocontrol antagonist bacillus subtilis against root knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita infecting tomato

 

Shital C. Raut* and S.N. Mahapatra

Department of Nematology, Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar-751003,India

 

*Corresponding author e-mail: shittu18@gmail.com

Paper received: 25.11.17, Revised received: 10.12.17

Paper Accepted: 15.12.17, Category: Original paper

 

(Download full paper)

 

Abstract

Soil drenching with the liquid formulation of Bacillus subtilis @ 10ml/litre attransplanting and again at 30 DAT at same dose proved to be the best amongst all the treatments in improving the growth of tomato plants and mitigating the multiplication of root knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita. Soil drenching with the liquid formulation of Bacillus subtilis @ 10ml/litre at transplanting and again at 30 DAT at same doseresulted 22.0, 62.7 and 55.2% significant increase in shoot height, dry weight of shoot and root respectively, as compared to untreated check. Drenching with the bio-agent caused reduction in number galls and egg masses per plant as well as final nematode multiplication in soil and root to the tune of 65.1, 67.7, 61.1 and 71.9% respectively. However, drenching with B. subtilis @ 10ml/litre at transplanting alone also resulted significant increase in shoot height (19.2%), dry weight of shoot (58.1%) and root (43.1%). Host infection in terms of number galls and egg masses per plant as well as final nematode multiplication in soil and root was decreased by 62.2, 62.3, 58.9 and 65.3% respectively. Both the above treatments (B. subtilis @ 10ml/litre at transplanting + at 30 DAT and B. subtilis @ 10ml/litre at transplanting only) were statistically at par. The bio-agent P. fluorescens,drenching pot soil @ 5ml/litre at transplanting alone, either could not produce any significant result.

Keywords

Efficacy, Root knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita, Tomato cv. Pusa ruby, Pseudomonas fluorescens

2.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 11 (1) 7-15 (2018)

 

Decolourization of methyl orange dye using Aspergillus fumigates

 

Maruthanayagam Alaguprathana*, Mani Poonkothai and

Muthu Rubini

Department of Zoology, Avinashilingam Institute for Home Science & Higher Education for Women, Coimbatore 641 043,Tamil Nadu, India.

 

*Corresponding author e-mail: texuniverse.avinuty@gmail.com

Paper received: 29.10.17, Revised received: 06.12.17

Paper Accepted: 10.12.17, Category: Original paper

 

(Download full paper)

 

Abstract

The textile industries are the main consumer of dye stuffs. Azo dyes are the chief chemical class of dyes with the maximum variety of colors, have been used widely for textile, dyeing and paper painting. These dyes cannot be easily degraded. Dyes may affects the photosynthetic activity in aquatic life due to reduced light penetration and may also be toxic to some aquatic life due to the presence of aromatics, metals, etc. in them. Biosorbent from filamentous fungi has been used to remove dyes by biosorption. The biosorption capacity of a microorganism is attributed to the heteropolysaccharide components, which contain different functional groups, including amino, carboxyl, hydroxyl, phosphate and other charged groups, causing strong attractive forces between the azo dye and the biosorbent surface. The purpose of this paper is to estimate the decolourization of methyl orange dye by fungi. The decolourisation was assessed with 1% inoculum at different optimal conditions;dye concentration (0.01-0.05g/100ml), biomass dose (0.1-0.7g), pH (3-8), incubation period (1-8days), temperature (20o-45oC), carbon sources (glucose, sucrose, maltose, mannitol, starch, lactose, fructose and xylose) and nitrogen sources (ammonium chloride, potassium nitrate, sodium chloride, sodium nitrate, yeast extract, glycine and peptone ) respectively. The complete colour removal form the dye solution was achieved at 5th dye of incubationtime, dye concentration (0.01g/100ml), inoculum concentration (1%), 30oC, pH 6, glucose and glycine (1g/100ml each) should be in optimal level.FT-IR spectrum obtained for degraded metabolites of A. fumigatus in decolourized medium indicated significant shift in the positions of peak when compared to control dye spectrum. The XRD analyses of the fungal mycelia before methyl orange decolourization revealed that the value of 2č is 21° when the maximum count is observed, which is indicative of the amorphous nature of mycelia.

Keywords

Decolourisation, Fungi, Dye concentration, XRD, Functional groups

3.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 11 (1) 16-19 (2018)

 

Soil health and nutrient uptake by baby corn as influenced by organic sources of nutrients

 

Keerthirani, D. S. and Sharanappa

University of Agricultural Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560 065, India.

 

*Corresponding author e-mail: keerthana924@gmail.com

Paper received: 24.11.17, Revised received: 15.12.17

Paper Accepted: 22.12.17, Category: Original paper

 

(Download full paper)

 

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted at the University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK, Bengaluru during kharif2014. There were nine treatments replicated thrice in randomized complete block design. Among the organic nutrient management treatments, application of poultry manure and enriched biodigester liquid manure (EBDLM) at 75 kg N eq. ha-1, respectively + panchagavya (3%) at 15 and 45 days after sowing (DAS) + vermiwash at 30 DAS recorded significantly higher uptake of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium by baby corn. However, a significant increase in soil available nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium was observed with the application of poultry manure at 75 kg N eq. ha-1/ vermicompost at 75 kg N eq. ha-1+ EBDLM at 75 kg N eq. ha-1+ panchagavya spray (3%) at 15 and 45 DAS + vermiwash spray at 30 DAS as compared to FYM 10 t ha-1 + 150:75:40 kg NPK ha-1. The soil bacteria, fungi and actinomycetes population were also higher in these treatments.

Keywords

Organic baby corn, panchagavya, nutrient uptake, vermiwash, Micro organisms

 

4.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 11 (1) 20-23 (2018)

 

Cost and return analysis of potato based crop rotation in riverine tract of farrukhabad U.P.

 

1Dinesh Singh Yadav and 2Dharmendra Yadav

1Education Department of Kanpur Dehat

2 C.S. Azad university of Agriculture & Technology, Kanpur-208002, India.

 

*Corresponding author e-mail: dineshsinghyadav678@gmail.com

Paper received: 22.11.17, Revised received: 18.12.17

Paper Accepted: 23.12.17, Category: Original paper

 

(Download full paper)

 

Abstract

The present study was laid out during rainy and autumn season of 2000-01 and 2001-02 at J.M.V. Ajitmal, Etawah, C.S.J.M. University, Kanpur. The 100 farm house holds of 10 villages of district Farrukhabad was selected for the study. The selected farmers of pilot area were grouped into 3 categories i.e. marginal families (holding below 1 ha), small families (holding between 1-2 ha) and big families (holding above 2 ha). The information pertaining yield, cost of cultivation and net return were collected from the farmers through personal interview under maize-early potato- late wheat and maize- early potato- late potato cropping systems. Average maize yield by 19.50 q/ha, 20.25 q/ha and 21.50 q/ha was recorded from marginal, small and big farmers, respectively. The marginal, small and big farmers recorded net return Rs. 63.00/ha, Rs. 334.00/ha and Rs. 1360.00/ha, respectively from maize. The average yield of early potato grown after maize noted by 140.00 q/ha from marginal farmers 155.00 q/ha from small farmers and 365.00 q/ha from big farmers. The net return of rs. 37690.00/ha, rs. 49420.00/ha and Rs. 56818.00/ha received by marginal, small and big farmers, respectively from the early potato. The yield of late sown wheat of 27.50 q/ha, 30.75 q/ha and 33.00 q/ha was noted from marginal, small and big farmers, respectively. The marginal, small and big farmers earned net return from late wheat by Rs. 9400.00/ha, Rs. 16365.00/ha and rs. 19700.00/ha, respectively. The tuber yield of late potato grown after early crop of potato noted by 200.00 q/ha, 225.00 q/ha and 235.00 q/ha from marginal, small and big farmers, respectively. The marginal, small and big size families of pilot area received net return by Rs. 46837.00/ha, Rs. Rs. 61692.00/ha and 67535.00/ha, respectively, from late potato, grown after early potato. The overall net return from cropping system of maize-early potato – late wheat received by marginal, small and big farmers by Rs. 47150.00/ha, Rs. 66119.00/ha and rs. 77878.00/ha, respectively. Maize-early potato-late potato cropping system provided Rs. 84590.00/ha, Rs. 111446.00/ha and rs. 125713.00/ha to the marginal farm family, small farm families and big farm families of pilot area, respectively. Thus maize-early potato-late potato cropping system gave more net return over maize-early potato-late wheat to each group of farm families.

Keywords

Big size farm, House hold, marginal size farm, pilot area,

small size farm

5.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 11 (1) 24-25 (2018)

 

Effect of weed management on yield of sesamum (Sesamum utilastinum) under fragile tract of U.P.

 

1R.K. Singh, 2Khalil Khan, 2M.K. Singh, 2Md. Shamim and 2ram prakash

1K.V.K., Rura Mallu, Jaluan; 2C.S. Azad university of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur-208002, India

 

*Corresponding author e-mail: shamimcsa22@gmail.com

Paper received: 28.11.17, Revised received: 19.12.17

Paper Accepted: 25.12.17, Category: Original paper

 

(Download full paper)

 

Abstract

An experiment was conducted during rainy season of 2014-15 and 2015-16 at K.V.K. Rura Mallu, Jalaun. The soil of pilot area was Rakar with poor fertility status. Therewere three weed management practices comparised of farmers practice (weedy check), weeding at 25 DAP and pre-emergence application of Pendimethalin 30 E.C. @ 3.3 litre/ha. The treatments were evaluated i.e., kernel yield of sesamum and economics of sesamum. The sesamum variety Tarun was sown with recommended agronomical practices. The highest kernel yield of sesamum by 6.24 q/ha was harvested from planting under pre-emergence application of Pendimethalin 30 E.C. @ 3.3 litre/ha. The lowest kernel yield of sesamum was recorded at farmers practice (weedy check) by 4.25 q/ha. One hand weeding at 25 DAP gave kernel yield of 5.16 q/ha, which was also higher over farmers practices. Pre-emergence application of Pendimethalin 30 E.C. @ 3.3 litre/ha produced minimum dry matter of weeds by 3.00 q/ha and maximum weed control efficiency recorded by 72.50%. This treatment of weed control also gave maximum net return Rs. 22299/ha and highest benefit : cost ratio 1.91.

Keywords

Kernel yield, Pendimethalin 30 E.C., pre-emergence, Weed competition, Weedy check

6.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 11 (1) 26-29 (2018)

 

Impact of chronic mercury and caldan 50sp poisoning on the gills of fresh water fish, Channa punctata (Bloch)

 

Shalini Rai1, Kamlesh K Yadav2 and S. P. Trivedi3

1BDSP Mahila Degree College, Bhadehara Khochawa, Varanasi, India

2Government Degree College, Bakkha Khera, Unnao- 209801, India

3Environmental Toxicology and Bioremediation Laboratory, Department of Zoology, University of Lucknow, Lucknow - 226007, India.

 

*Corresponding author e-mail: raishalini_rai@rediffmail.com

Paper received: 21.10.17, Revised received: 11.12.17

Paper Accepted: 14.12.17, Category: Original paper

 

(Download full paper)

 

Abstract

In the present study an attempt has been made to investigate the potential ecotoxicological hazard of mercuric chloride, caldan50SP and their synergistic effect, using a fresh water fish, Channa punctata as a test animal. For this purpose ten fishes were exposed to sub-lethal concentration (1/10th 96hr. LC50) of mercuric chloride, caldan 50SP and 1/20th of each of their concentration together (synergistic effect) for 15, 30 and 60 days of exposure periods respectively along with a parallel control experiment. In the present investigation, marked histopathological changes have been observed in the gills of C. punctata, after exposure to sub lethal concentration of the test chemicals, which include clubbing at the tips of the secondary lamellae, fusion of adjacent secondary lamellae, thickening of primary lamellar epithelium, hypertrophy at the tips of primary lamellae, vacuolization in primary gill lamellae, necrosis in secondary lamellae and degeneration of secondary lamellar cells. The pathological changes and degree of damage was found to increase with increasing duration of exposure periods. The results obtained will be helpful to understand the collective effect of MC and C50SP on the gills of fishes, as fishes are not exposed to only one chemical but to diverse chemicals in the natural environment.

Keywords

Mercuric chloride (HgCl2), caldan 50SP (C50SP), gill, synergistic effect, fish

7.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 11 (1) 30-32 (2018)

 

Advances in feeding management in cattle and buffalo - A review

 

Rameswar Panda*, K.N. Pawankar, Menalsh Laishram and Asish Debbarma

 

Department of Livestock Production Management, West Bengal Univ. of Animal and Fishery Sciences, Kolkata, West Bengal, 700037, India

 

*Corresponding author e-mail: rameswar.panda8@gmail.com

Paper received: 07.11.17, Revised received: 11.12.17

Paper Accepted: 28.12.17, Category: Review paper

 

(Download full paper)

 

Abstract

Advance in feeding management is an important aid for the reason that the efficiency of dairy animals should be enhanced now days due to more demand on the limited resources. Urea Molasses Mineral Block (UMMB), by pass protein feed technology are the two innovative feed supplement method developed by NDDB. Apart from that, feed formulation software from NDDB is also widely popular and more of it has been accessed in many rural and urban areas in India.Treatment of local crop residues can be done to enhance its nutritional quality. Moreover, Corn steep liquor (CSL), Metabolic and Fermentation Modifiers, Bovine Somatotrophin are also creating their position relevant in this prospect.

Keywords

UMMB, NDDB, Feeding management, Bovine Somatotrophin

8.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 11 (1) 33-38 (2018)

 

Conversion of bio resources to bioethanol - A review

 

JyoshnamayeePatra1*, Dipti Prava Swain2 Nabin Kumar Dhal3 and Biswajit Rath1

1Department Biotechnology, North Orissa University, Baripada-757003, India

2MITS School of Biotechnology, Bhubaneswar-751024, India

3Environment and Sustainability Department, CSIR-IMMT, Bhubaneswar-751013, India

 

*Corresponding author e-mail: jyoshnamayeepatra30@gmail.com

Paper received: 19.11.17, Revised received: 24.12.17

Paper Accepted: 30.12.17, Category: Review paper

 

(Download full paper)

 

Abstract

The increased impact for the assured future of the fuel supply and the negative effect of fossil fuels on the environment, generally greenhouse gas emissions, has put effect on society to observe renewable fuel alternatives. Today, ethanol yield from sugar or grain (starch); is the most common renewable fuel. Appropriately, future large-scale use of ethanol will most positivelyhave to be dependon manufacture from lignocellulosic materials. This review gives an overview of the new technologies required and The leading accomplish in recent years to conductlignocellulosic ethanol towards industrial production. One of the better challenges is to optimization the articulate of process engineering, enzyme engineering metabolic engineering. and fermentation technology, Interest in manufacturingethanol from biomass in an endeavor to make carrying ecologically feasible continues to grow.

Keywords

Bio-ethanol; Biomass, Energy balance; Greenhouse gas; Sustainable transportation

9.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 11 (2) 39-44 (2018)

 

Effect of AM fungi and fly ash on growth performance of

Callistephus chinensis in alkaline soil

 

Pragya Srivastava, Ifra Zoomi, Ovaid Akhtar, Dheeraj Pandey and Harbans Kaur Kehri*

Sadasivan Myco-Pathology Laboratory, Department of Botany, University of Allahabad, Allahabad-211002, Uttar Pradesh, India

 

*Corresponding author e-mail: kehrikaurhk@gmail.com

Paper received: 02.01.18, Revised received: 19.01.18, Paper Accepted: 28.01.18, Category: Original paper

 

(Download full paper)

 

Abstract

Callistephus chinensis is a very fashionable annual flower crop. Due to increased urban affluence and continuously increasing demand of fresh cut flower, floriculture has assumed a definite commercial position during the past three decades. However, one of the major constraints in the production of these flowers is land availability. On the other hand, large tracts of salt affected soils are lying waste which are inhospitable for normal crop production. Efforts are going on to bring such lands under cultivation with appropriate technologies. AM fungi are well known in alleviating stress conditions of such lands by providing a number of nutritional as well as non-nutritional benefits. The present study has been undertaken to evaluate the potentiality of AM fungi in improving the flower production of Callistephus chinensis in alkaline soil of Phulpur, Allahabad, amended with gypsum, organic matter (Cynodon and FYM, 2% w/w), different doses of fly ash (20 t/ha and 40 t/ha) and microbial inoculants viz. AM fungi, PSF and nitrogen fixer together under pot conditions. Data showed that the plants raised in alkaline soil amended with FYM, fly ash (40 t/ha) and inoculated with consortium of microbial inoculants showed best growth response in term of % mortality, mycorrhization, root/shoot dry mass, flower dry mass and keeping quality of flowers. Total chlorophyll, carotenoid and protein content were also improved. Thus, data show that application of AM fungi with fly ash and organic matter (FYM) improved the salt tolerance in Callistephus chinensis.

Keywords

AM fungi, alkaline soil, Callistephus chinensis, fly ash and growth performance

10.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 11 (2) 45-50 (2018)

 

Studies on the storage potential of taped seeds in chilli and brinjal

 

Bhaskaran M.1* and R. Sriram Prabha2

1Tamil Nadu Open University, Chennai; 2Department of Seed Science and Technology, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India

*Corresponding author e-mail: bhaskm@yahoo.co.in

 

Paper received: 02.10.17, Revised received: 09.11.17, Paper Accepted: 16.11.17, Category: Original paper

 

(Download full paper)

 

Abstract

Demand for supply of quality seeds in vegetable crops is increasing among the farmers and measures are taken for supply of sized seeds to ensure greater uniformity in germination and also to reduce losses. Seed tape technology is one of the seed quality enhancement techniqueswhich facilitates uniform space, depth, counting of seeds and maintaining seed viability in high value seeds. The present study was aimed to evaluate the storage potential of taped seeds in major vegetables like Chilli (TNAUchillihybrid CO 1) and brinjal(cv. CO 2) in moisture impervious bags and kept under ambient conditions for six months and evaluated at monthly intervals. The findings of the study indicated that seed taping of chilli seeds with treatment Seed Tale I (0.25 g Trichodermaviride + 0.25 g Psudomonasfluorescens + 0.200 g of micronutrient mixture)and taping of brinjal seeds with seed tape II (0.125 g Trichodermaviride + 0.125 g Psudomonasfluorescens + 0.200 g of micronutrient mixture) were found better by allowing storage up to a period of six months with germination percentage of 90 % and 87% respectively. Speed of germination, seedling growth and vigourwere found to be decreasing along with storage period in both chilli and brinjal. Seed taping combined with treatment of bioagents enabled maintaining germination and seedling vigour.

Keywords

Seed tape technology, chilli, brinjal, storability

11.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 11 (2) 51-52 (2018)

 

Managements of nutrients in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea) under nutrients deficit soil of Bundelkhand

 

Khalil Khan*1, M.K. Singh1, R.K. Singh2, Md. Samim1 and Naresh Chandra1

1 C.S. Azad university of Agriculture & Technology, Kanpur (U.P.), India

2Banda university of Agriculture and Technology, Banda (U.P.), India

*Corresponding author e-mail: khankhalil64@gmail.com

 

Paper received: 25.12.17, Revised received: 25.01.18, Paper Accepted: 30.01.18, Category: Original paper

 

(Download full paper)

 

Abstract

The present study was under taken during Rabi season of 2014-15 and 2015-16 on farmers fields of Jalaun district, Bundelkhand. The soil of pilot area was Kabar, having low fertility status. The cultivar Varuna (T-59) was tested under farmers practice (80 kg DAP/ha), 120 kg N + 60 kg P + 6 kg K and 120 kg N + 60 kg P + 60 kg K + 40 kg S. the Indian mustard cv. T-59 was planted in first week of October and harvesting in third week of February during both experimental years after 120 days after sowing. The maximum seed yield of Indian mustard cv. Varuna was reaped by 16.50 q/ha from the application of NPKS @ 120:60:60:40 kg/ha, which was much higher compared to farmers practice (10.50 q/ha). Thus, the integration of 40 kg/ha sulphur with recommended dose of NPK increased the seed yield of indian mustard by 0.50 kg/ha over the RDF of NPK @ 120:60:60 kg/ha. The growth and yield contributing characters were concordance to the seed yield of Indian mustard.

Keywords

Deficit, integration, Nutrients, Sulphur, Varuna

12.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 11 (2) 53-55 (2018)

 

Advent of peanut – Vegetable pea cropping system for higher production through use of vermicompost – is a path of prosperity

 

R.A. Singh*, H.K. Singh, S.B. Pal, P.V. Singh and Jitendra Singh

C.S.Azad University of Agriculture & Technology, Kanpur-208002, India

*Corresponding author e-mail: rasinghcsau@gmail.com

 

Paper received: 16.12.17, Revised received: 20.01.18, Paper Accepted: 25.01.18, Category: Original paper

 

(Download full paper)

 

Abstract

A study was under taken to improve the pod yield of peanut and vegetable pea for creating possibility of pollution free environment. Release of earthworms as vermiculture @ 60000/-ha (6/m2) in peanut was found significantly better, gave higher pod yield (12.16 q/ha) than all other ingredient combinations except FYM @ 100 q/ha + vermiculture @ 60000/ha (13.20 q/ha). Release of earthworms in peanut significantly increased the yield of succeeding crop of vegetable pea (123.62 q/ha green pods) over all the treatments except the use of FYM @ 100 q/ha in combination with vermiculture @ 60000/ha (124.10 q/ha green pods). Thus, the peanut and vegetable pea could successfully be raised under sequential cropping by the use of FYM @ 100 q/ha + vermiculture to peanut and 100 q/ha FYM to vegetable pea for completing the starter dose 40 Kg N + 60 Kg P2O5 + 40 Kg K2O/ha besides better management of natural resources and residue for higher productivity and monetary return.

Keywords

Earthworm, Peanut, Starter dose, Vegetable pea, Vermiculture

13.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 11 (2) 56-57 (2018)

 

Response of different varieties of wheat under Bundelkhand condition of U.P.

 

R.K. Singh1, Ram Prakash2, M.K. Singh2 and V.R. Chaudhary2

1K.V.K. Rura Mallu, Jalaun

2 C.S. Azad university of Agriculture & Technology, Kanpur-208002, India

*Corresponding author e-mail: rajansnikumbh@gmail.com

 

Paper received: 11.12.17, Revised received: 23.01.18, Paper Accepted: 28.01.18, Category: Original paper

 

(Download full paper)

 

Abstract

The present study was carried out during Rabi season of 2003-04 at K.V.K. Rura Mallu, C.S. Azad university of Agriculture and technology, Kanpur (Now at present under Banda Agriculture University and technology, Banda). The experimental soil was Kabar, having poor fertility status. The wheat cultivars PBW-343, Deva (K 9107), Ujiyar (K 9006), WH 896, Atal (K 9644) and WH 147 were tested. The cultivars were planted in the end of November, 2003 and harvested in the first week of April 2004 after 126 days of sowing. The cultivar Ujiyar (K 9006) registered higher economic yield by 54.16 q/ha in comparison to other tested cultivars. The genotype WH 896 yielded lowest grain yield by 41.66 q/ha. Varieties WH 147, PBW 343, Atal (K 9644) and Deva ( K 9107) produced grain yield by 42.49 q/ha, 43.16 q/ha, 45.33 q/ha and 47.91 q/ha, respectively, under desiccating condition. The growth and yield contributing characters were concordance to the grain yield of wheat.

Keywords

Desiccate area, Dry farm, Photoassimilates, Photosynthates, Spikelets

14.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 11 (2) 58-62 (2018)

 

In vitro study of Reboulia hemisphaerica (L.) Raddi - A potent liverwort

 

Mridula Maurya and G. Asthana

Botany Department, Lucknow University, Lucknow-226007, India

*Corresponding author e-mail: mridulamaurya.mailbox@gmail.com

 

Paper received: 11.11.17, Revised received: 26.12.17, Paper Accepted: 21.01.18, Category: Original paper

 

(Download full paper)

 

Abstract

Reboulia hemisphaerica (L.) Raddi is a thallose liverwort with dichotomous branching and pale green in colour. Earlier, it was very widely distributed in India but now becoming depleted. Establishment of axenic culture of taxon was carried out by using different nutrient media. These were Murashige and Skoog medium, Nitsch medium, Knop’s medium, and Knudsen’s medium. In Murashige and Skoog medium experiments were set with some variations in the light intensity and medium. Among different variants used in Murashige and Skoog medium (6500-7000 Lux) was found best suitable for growth of Reboulia hemisphaerica.

Keywords

axenic culture, taxon, antimicrobial, antibacterial

15.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 11 (2) 63-68 (2018)

 

Iron impact assessment in maize: Growth, biomass, pigments and related enzymes

 

Vandana Yadav, Yogesh Kumar Sharma* and Hina Singh

Department of Botany, University of Lucknow, Lucknow-226007, India

*Corresponding author e-mail: yogesh_s26@yahoo.com

 

Paper received: 02.01.18, Revised received: 27.01.18, Paper Accepted: 30.01.18, Category: Original paper

 

(Download full paper)

 

Abstract

Health of human being continues to be affected adversely due to lack of micronutrients in India. Iron (Fe) deficiency also occurs in crops and human on a world scale and is now regarded as next to zinc. The present study aims to investigate the growth, biomass, pigments and related enzymes of maize (Zea mays c.v. HY 7074) by soil and foliar application of iron. In pot experiment, performance of maize was studied under five different concentration of iron-control (T1), 15 mg kg-1soil+pre-flowering foliar spray (T2), 15 mg kg-1soil+post-flowering foliar spray (T3), 30 mg kg-1soil+pre-flowering foliar spray (T4), 30 mg kg-1 soil+post-flowering foliar spray (T5). Growth (plant height), biomass (Fresh and dry weight of leaf, stem and root) and biochemical parameters (enzyme activity- acid phosphatase, catalase, peroxidase, lipid peroxidation and photosynthesis pigments) were studied. The study concluded that growth, biomass, pigment and related enzymes were increased significantly with increasing Fe concentration as compared to control. The soil and foliar application of iron was most beneficial, and gave higher enzymatic activity and photosynthesis pigments as compare to control (without Iron).

Keywords

Acid phosphatase, catalase, peroxidase, photosynthesis pigments, Zea mays

16.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 11 (3) 69-74 (2018)

 

Advent of summer groundnut in cropping system - A path for doubling income of riverine soils farm families (SRA-Model - 1)

 

R.A. Singh1, P.V. Singh1, Amar Singh1, renu Singh2, V.K. Sharma1 and N. Lari1

1C.S. Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur (U.P.), India

2Education Deptt. of Etawah, India

*Corresponding author e-mail: rasinghcsau@gmail.com

 

Paper received: 19.01.18, Revised received: 04.02.18, Paper Accepted: 09.02.18, Category: Original paper

 

(Download full paper)

 

Abstract

The study was carried out during rainy, autumn and summer season from 2005-06 to 2016-2017 in selected pilot area of Mainpuri, farrukhabad, Kannauj, Hardoi and Unnao districts situated in riverine tract of Uttar pradesh. The main objective of study was to double the farmers net income with inclusion of short duration, thermo resistant and high yielding varieties of summer groundnut in different cropping systems. The fertility status of selected operational area was low. Twenty four cropping systems i.e., maize-potato v/s maize-potato-summer groundnut, maize-indian mustard v/s maize- Indian mustard-summer groundnut, maize-field pea v/s maize-field pea-summer groundnut, maize-vegetable pea for pods v/s maize-vegetable pea for pods-summer groundnut, groundnut-potato v/s groundnut-potato-summer groundnut, groundnut-indian mustard v/s groundnut-indian mustard-summer groundnut, groundnut – field pea v/s groundnut – field pea-summer groundnut, groundnut-vegetable pea for pods v/s groundnut-vegetable pea for pods-summer groundnut, okra-potato v/s okra-potato-summer groundnut, okra-Indian mustard v/s okra-indian mustard-summer groundnut, okra-field pea v/s okra-field pea-summer groundnut and okra-vegetable pea for pod v/s okra-vegetable pea for pod-summer groundnut were tested on farmers fields. The cultivars ICGV 93468 (AVTAR) and Dh 86 were used in firming of new cropping systems. The recommended agronomical practices were followed in different crops of cropping systems. the maize-potato-summer groundnut, maize- Indian mustard-summer groundnut, maize-field pea-summer groundnut, maize-vegetable pea for pods-summer groundnut, groundnut-potato-summer groundnut, groundnut-indian mustard-summer groundnut, groundnut – field pea-summer groundnut, groundnut-vegetable pea for pods-summer groundnut, okra-potato-summer groundnut, okra-indian mustard-summer groundnut, okra-field pea-summer groundnut and okra-vegetable pea for pod-summer groundnut gave net income of Rs. 250475/ha or 2.08 fold, Rs. 208507/ha or 2.65 fold, Rs. 188350/ha or 3.20 fold, Rs. 232521/ha or 2.27 fold, Rs. 303895/ha or 2.00 fold, Rs. 277427/ha or 2.12 fold, Rs. 257270/ha or 2.35 fold, Rs. 303441/ha or 2.00 fold, Rs. 376533/ha or 1.75 fold, Rs. 343565/ha or 1.85 fold, Rs. 323408/ha or 1.95 fold and Rs. 369579/ha or 1.75 fold to the farmers, respectively. Thus firming of new cropping systems with inclusion of newly developed cultivars of summer groundnut increased the net income of farmers more than two fold.

Keywords

cropping system, firming, fold, Short duration, Thermo resistant

17.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 11 (3) 75-83 (2018)

 

Biomedical waste generation and its management in hospitals of NCR-Delhi, India

 

Aastha Dhingra*1, Sirajuddin Ahmed2, Weqar Ahmed Siddiqui1, Siddhartha Gautam3 and Nadeem A. Khan2

1Department of Applied Science and Humanities Jamia Millia Islamia (Central University) New Delhi 110025, India

2 Department of Civil Engineering Jamia Millia Islamia (Central University) New Delhi 110025, India

3 Delhi Pollution Control Committee, Delhi-110006, India

*Corresponding author e-mail: aastha.dhingra@yahoo.com

Paper received: 02.02.18, Revised received: 01.03.18, Paper Accepted: 03.03.18, Category: Original paper

 

(Download full paper)

 

Abstract

The quantity of waste generation and its quality along with treatment mechanisms has become a matter of concern. Bio-medical waste management is an integral part of future sustainability. The paper is aimed at evaluating the solid bio-medical waste generation pattern according to the bed strength of hospitals and to analyse the water consumption and effluent generation pattern in hospitals of Delhi. The questionnaire survey was done in seventy five hospitals and thirty six hospitals were visited to achieve the objectives of the study. In Delhi, the waste generation on a per bed per day basis range from only 110 grams to 2783 grams. The yearly solid biomedical waste generation in Delhi is approximated to 9200 tonnes. The average water consumption per bed per day in a hospital of Delhi ranges between 500-600 LPD. The annual water consumption in hospitals of Delhi is approximated to 9125 million litres. The impact of improper biomedical waste and hospital effluent on aquatic environment and society has also been discussed in the paper. Further, this paper has highlighted the certain grey areas in the implementation of new Bio-medical waste management rules, 2016 by the hospitals. The deficiencies in the existing bio-medical waste management system and compliance of BMW Rules, 2016 has also been assessed. It is observed that the latest technologies like pulpmatic macerators, sharp blasters and dry heat sterilization and the best waste management practices can be adopted to control the menace caused due to improper bio-medical waste management.

Keywords

Biomedical waste, hospital effluent, management, generation pattern, hospitals

 

18.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 11 (3) 84-85 (2018)

 

Effect of bio-fertilizer and organic manure in combination of inorganic fertilizer on fruit yield of tomato

 

Khalil Khan1, M.K. Singh1, Anil Kumar1, H.G. Prakash1, Md. Shamim1 and R.K. Singh2

1C.S. Azad university of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur (U.P.)

2Banda university of Agriculture and Technology, Banda (U.P.), India

*Corresponding author e-mail: khankhalil64@gmail.com

Paper received: 05.02.18, Revised received: 26.02.18, Paper Accepted: 01.03.18, Category: Original paper

 

(Download full paper)

 

Abstract

The present study was under taken during autumn season of 2014-15 and 2015-16 on farmers fields of Jalaun district, Bundelkhand. The soil of experimental site was Kabar, having low fertility status. The tomato cultivar T-6 was tested under recommended dose of NPK (T1), 75% recommended dose of NPK + 125 q FYM + Azospirillum/ha (T2) and 75% recommended dose of NPK + 250 q FTM + azospirillum/ha (T3). the tomato cv. T-6 was transplanted in first fortnight of October and picking was started from ripening stage during both experimental years. The maximum fruit yield of tomato from cv. T-6 was reaped by 167.00 q/ha from the application of 75% recommended dose of NPK + 250 q FYM + azospirillum/ha, which was much higher as compared to recommended dose of NPK/ha (130.00 q/ha). the 50% reduction in the those of FYM, reduced fruit yield by 7.75% in comparison to T3 treatment. The growth and yield contributing characters were concordance to the fruit yield of marketable tomato.

Keywords

Azospirillum, combination, FYM, Nutrients, Tomato cv. T-6

 

19.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 11 (3) 86-88 (2018)

 

Ethnomedicinal uses of selected medicinal plants of Jharkhand

 

Indu Kumari1* and R. K. Pandey2

1Department of Botany, Nirmala College, Doranda, Ranchi, India

2Department of Botany, Ranchi University, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India

*Corresponding author e-mail: induraj0016@gmail.com

 

Paper received: 07.02.18, Revised received: 28.02.18, Paper Accepted: 02.03.18, Category: Original paper

 

(Download full paper)

 

Abstract

Medicinal plants play an important role in pharmaceutical company for making different types of medicines. Medicinal plants have curative properties due to presence of various secondary metabolites. Medicinal Plants Millettia pinnata L., Cassia tora L., Cymbopogon citratus Stapf. and Moringa oleifera Lam. are selected for studies. Millettia pinnata L.(family Fabaceae) is used in Jharkhand for treating various diseases. It is used for the treatment of skin diseases, wounds, leprosy, piles, head pains, leucoderma, chronic fever and liver pain. It is a medium-sized evergreen or briefly deciduous tree. The seed oil is used in leucoderma, cutaneous infection including herpes and scabies. Cassia tora L. (family Fabaceae) is a dicot legume, herbaceous annual herb. The whole plant and different parts such as roots, leaves and seeds have been widely used. It is used in cough, bronchitis, skin disease, leprosy, ringworm, colic, constipation and cardiac disorders. Leaves of Cassia tora is used as balm for arthritis. Cymbopogon citratus Stapf. (family Poaceae) are commonly cultivated as medicinal herbs . The oil of this herb has been used in various diseases like cough, cold, rheumatism, lumbago, digestive problems, bladder problems, leprosy and used as anti tumor drug for the cancer . It contains high percentage of vitamin C. Moringa oleifera Lam.(family Moringaceae) is also known as ‘drumstick tree’. It is used in treatment of cough, asthma, bronchitis, diabetes, hypertension and epilepsy.

Keywords

Millettia pinnata L., Cassia tora L., Cymbopogon citratus Stapf. and Moringa oleifera Lam

 

20.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 11 (3) 89-92 (2018)

 

Dietary practices and consumption of indigenous processed food among adolescent girls

 

Neelam Kumari, Verginia Paul, Ranu Prasad, Ajit Paul, Amit Chattree

Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Allahabad, India

*Corresponding author e-mail: neelamkumari0809@gmail.com

Paper received: 26.01.18, Revised received: 22.02.18, Paper Accepted: 27.02.18, Category: Original paper

 

(Download full paper)

 

Abstract

Adolescent girls are regarded as future stakeholders, and bearing the responsibility of nourishing and nurturing the future may act as change agents for others in the community. It is imperative that adolescent girls should have their own insight regarding nutritious food selection and preparation and thus need to be empowered for nutrition and native food processing techniques. There are diverse food handling practices and processing techniques which may be communicated to adolescent girls for the purpose of food security. The present study was carried out as a cross sectional study using a before-after research design through a semi-structured proforma and information was obtained on Dietary practices and consumption of indigenous processed food. Regular milk & its product consumption was found to be higher among the age group 11-12 (71.3%) than 15-16 (62.5%), 17-18 (60%) and 13-14 (51.5%). The association of age and milk & its product consumption was statistically significant (p=0.04). The association between age group and practice of taking fast foods outside home was statistically significant (p=0.003). The habit of consuming sprout as indigenous food was 95.7%.    The habit of consuming sattu as indigenous food was among 19.1% of age 11-12 years. The results indicate the significance of identification, propagation and popularization of beneficial indigenous food processing habits and intensive nutrition information programmes focussing on nutritionally beneficial food processing habits with specific target groups, in different regions of country while maintaining a record and documentation of these processing habits considering their geographical entity. Further researches focusing on nutrition education about indigenous food processing practices may be carried out maintaining a data bank of beneficial indigenous food processing practices with specific target groups.

Keywords

Adolescent girls, Diet, Indigenous, Processing, Knowledge

 

21.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 11 (3) 93-99 (2018)

 

Modulation of Cadmium-induced physiological and biochemical responses by using sulphur in spinach (Spinacia oleracea)

 

Hina Singh, Vandana Yadav and Yogesh Kumar Sharma*

Dept. of Botany, Lucknow University, Lucknow- 226007 (U.P.), India

*Corresponding author e-mail: yogesh_s26@yahoo.com

Paper received: 19.01.18, Revised received: 29.02.18, Paper Accepted: 05.03.18, Category: Original paper

 

(Download full paper)

 

Abstract

Sulphur (S) plays important role in plant growth and metabolism. Its application mitigated the negative effect of Cd toxicity on spinach plants. In this study, we examined the effect of S (200 mg/kg) to alleviate the Cd uptake in spinach (Spinacia oleracea) exposed to different toxic levels of Cd (50, 100 and 200 mg/kg). The Cd treatments show substantial decrease in germination percentage, plant height, root length, shoot and root fresh weight dry weight. Application of sulphur improved the growth and biomass yield of Cd toxic spinach plants. Different concentration of Cd increased the lipid peroxidation but the application of Sulphur diminishes it to appreciable level in Cd- toxic plants. Excessive Cd treatments increase the activity of antioxidative enzymes superoxide dismutase and ascorbate peroxidase which were further decrease by addition of Sulphur. Our results determine that application of Sulphur enables spinach plants to withstand the deleterious effect of Cd, resulting in improved growth and biomass yield.

Keywords

Photosynthesis pigments, Spinacia oleracea, Superoxide dismutase, Ascorbate peroxidase

22.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 11 (3) 100-104 (2018)

 

Effect of salinity on morphological parameters of soybean (Glycine max L.)

 

Naheed Siddiqui* and M. Singh

Department of Botany, Lucknow University, Lucknow- 226007 (U.P.), India

*Corresponding author e-mail: drnaheedlohani@gmail.com

Paper received: 08.01.18, Revised received: 25.02.18, Paper Accepted: 01.03.18, Category: Original paper

 

(Download full paper)

 

Abstract

The differential germination percentage was recorded in all varieties incase of control and also upon treating with various saline solutions. The variation in germination percentage was found in the range of 60-96 % under normal condition. However, 96 % germination as shown by PS-1241 got reduced to the level of 84, 80 and 36 % incase differentially treated with salinity levels i.e., 50, 100 and 150mM respectively. The lower levels of germination i.e., 60 % as shown by control by seeds of PS-1024 could reduced its germination ability to 57, 38 and 20 % while experiencing same levels of salinity in comparison to PS-1241. The lower level of saline treatment (50 mM) could cause loss in shoot length ca. 4-16% within 30 days which could get further enhanced to the level of 24 and 29% in case treated with three fold higher saline solution (150 mM) in PS-1241. The optimal loss in shoot length was recorded in case treated with higher level of saline solution (150 mM). In PS-1092 loss in shoot length reduction was found ca. 8% which would reach the 15% thirty days after treatment. The effect of NaCl treatment saline irrigation was correlated with retention of total number of leaves and leaf area on per plant basis. The total number of leaves have shown down regulation in retaining their number almost 15-38% depending upon the treatment levels within 15 days as shown by PS-1241. Higher level salinity always imposed higher level of the losses in leaf area. The cultivar PS-1241 has shown ca. 30% loss in leaf area after 60 days in comparison to 61% in case treated with 50 and 150 mM levels of the salinity after 60 days of the treatment. The levels of loss in leaf area could shown by the variety in case treated with same solutions was found ca. 21% and 23%. Incase saline treatment allowed for a period of ca. 15 days the PS-1042 and PS-1092 both have shown higher losses in their leaf area.

Keywords

Soybean, salinity, shoot length, germination, NaCl, saline soil

 

www.000webhost.com