RESEARCH IN ENVIRONMENT AND LIFE SCIENCES

Volume-6, Number-3, August-2013

 

21.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 6(3) 73-78 (2013)

 

Drilling fluid and diesel fuel induced histopathological alterations

in the gill and liver tissue of Oreochromis niloticus

Saliu, Joseph Kayode* and Salami,Adekunle Shamusideen

University of Lagos,Department of Zoology, Akoka, Lagos

*e-mail: saliujk@yahoo.com

(Received: February 15, 2013; Revised received: June 22, 2013;Accepted: June 26,2013)

 

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Abstract: In this study the effect of sub lethal concentrations of drilling fluid, 6.1062ml, and diesel fluid, 0.2742ml, (1/100thof the 96hr LC50) on the gill and liver tissue of Oreochromis niloticus was investigated. The fishes were exposed to sub lethal concentration of both treatments for twenty eight days. The toxic effects of the drilling fluid and diesel fuel was time dependent and significant histological alterations observed were inflammations and deposition of pigments on the epithelial mucosa of the two tissues. The histological alterations induced by these 2 fluids in the gill and liver are reliable biomarkers for the aquatic environment.

Key words: Drilling fluid, diesel fuel, Histological alterations, Inflammation, Pigment deposition and Oreochromis niloticus.

22.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 6(3) 79-84 (2013)

 

Human resource and sustainable development

Nisha Singh1, Pratibha Singh2*, Ashima Srivatsava2, N.N.Janhavi2 and Roli Verma2

1Department HR and Marketing, Tusthi Global Academy and Counselors, 1020-Sec-3F, Vaishali, Ghaziabad, India

2Department of Chemistry, JSS Academy of Technical Education C-20/1, Sector-62, Noida, India

*e-mail: pratibha­_env@rediffmail.com

(Received: March 8, 2013; Revised received: June 24, 2013;Accepted: July 02,2013)

 

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Abstract: This paper deals with strategy and practice to make the buildings Human Resource and sustainable development. First time the concept of sustainable development was formalized by World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED) in 1987 and the Brundtland Report by the World Commission on Development and Environment was published on sustainable development at the same time. The report mentions that “Humanity has the ability for sustainable development to ensure the needs of the present without compromising the ability for future generations to satisfy their needs”. The definition of sustainable development is based on 2 concepts, i.e. the concept of needs and the idea of confinement of the environment capacity to respond to current and future needs. The 1992 Rio Declaration issued 27 principles that guide the actions of various factors in favor of sustainable development. Some of these principles have been defined and interpreted in multiple ways and this has led to a series of debates and controversies. The approach of sustainable development has more than one interpretation starting from the key moment in 1987. So, sustainable development was seen as a welfare growth in the long run and at the same time it was also considered as consumption growth in time and consumption of human resource. Human resources are central to economic development and can be increased in value and productivity by investment in human beings e.g. in their education and health. But human resources should be utilized in such a manner that their perspective outcomes of utilization leads to sustainable development.

Key words: Human resource, Sustainable development

23.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 6(3) 85-88 (2013)

 

Performance of Coleus cv. chikkodi local for growth and yield under tamarind based intercropping

B. Arun Kumar1*, S. V. Sunil Kumar2, Kapil Patil1 and N. K, Hegde1

1Kittur Rani Channamma College of Horticulture, Arabhavi-591 310, Karnataka, India

2Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, UAS, GKVK, Bengaluru-560065, Karnataka, India

*e-mail: arunuhs@gmail.com

(Received: March 15, 2013; Revised received: July 14, 2013;Accepted: July 16,2013)

 

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Abstract: The present investigation was conducted to study intercropping of coleus in tamarind plantation compared to sole cropping in open area under irrigated condition. The experiment was laid out in eight years old tamarind plantation spaced at 6m x 6m (as intercrop) with three replications. Photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) interception by coleus crop at 150 days after planting (DAP) as intercrop in tamarind plantation was 36570 lux comparedto 48345 lux in open area. Significantly higher number of primary roots (19.46) and dry weight of roots recorded under intercropping (18.06 g/plant) compared to sole cropping (10.13 and 18.06 g/plant). Coleus grown as intercroping in tamarind plantation recorded higher yield (26.33 q/ha) compared to sole crop in open area (14.55 q/ha).

Key words: Coleus, intercropping, photosynthetically active radiation, tamarind

24.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 6(3) 89-90 (2013)

 

Biosorption of Iron by Azotobacter spp and its activity against plant pathogen Fusarium spp

Praveena V.S.* and Priya Iyer

PG and Research Department of Biotechnology, Women‘s Christian College, College Road, Chennai-600006

*e-mail: brajuraj@yahoo.com

(Received: March 05, 2013; Revised received: June 28, 2013;Accepted: July 02,2013)

 

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Abstract: Azotobacter spp was isolated soil collected from Kirandul (Chattisgarh). The fungi Fusarium spp was isolated from sugarcane on Potato Dextrose Agar. The antimicrobial activity of Azotobacter spp on Fusarium spp was observed. Biosorption of iron by Azotobacter was studied and optimum pH, temperature and concentration for biosorption was standardized.

Key words: Azotobacter spp, Fusarium spp, biosorption, iron

25.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 6(3) 91-96 (2013)

 

Ethno medicinal plants from north tarai forests of

Uttar Pradesh, India for joint and muscle pain

T. P. Mall* and Sangeeta Sahani

Postgraduate Department of Botany, Kisan P. G. College, Bahraich – 271 801 (U. P.) India

*e-mail: drtpmall@rediffmail.com

(Received: February 15, 2013; Revised received: July 08, 2013;Accepted: July 10,2013)

 

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Abstract: Traditional systems of medicines are being used since vedic period. The present work is undertaken for the documentation of ethno-medicinal knowledge existing among the dwellers of North-Tarai forests of U. P. which is full of green natural forests and rich biodiversity as well as tribal communities and ethnic culture. Tribals are the store house of such traditional knowledge because they have faith & belief on traditional medicines as well as they are familiar with nature so they use herbal medication. Surveys were conducted in the region. Questionnaire method was adopted for the investigation. During the survey more than hundreds of plants were investigated & collected which are being used for the treatment of various ailments in which sixty seven plant species belonging to sixty two genera representing thirty seven families are reported being used for the treatment of joint & muscle pain. From the collected data of questionnaire different traditional medicinal plants are being tabulated alphabetically family wise along with their author name, vernacular name, method of medicine preparation and mode of administration. The study indicates that the present work is helpful in production of cheap and effective medicines as well as in the conservation of natural biodiversity.

 

Key words: Ethno medicinal plant, north- tarai forests, biodiversity, traditional knowledge, joint and muscle pain.

26.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 6(3) 97-100 (2013)

 

Effect of body weight and sex on ammonia excretion and metabolic rates and reproductive parameters in red swordtail, Xiphophorus helleri (Poecilidae)

J. Sakthibama*, M. Sugapriya, L. Roselin Rajathi and R. James

P.G. and Research Department of Zoology, V.O. Chidambaram College, Tuticorin – 628008, India

*e-mail: jsakthibama@gmail.com

(Received: November 23, 2012; Revised received: July 02, 2013;Accepted: July 03,2013)

 

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Abstract: Effect of body weight and sex on the rates of ammonia excretion and metabolism, gonad weight, gonadosomatic index and the number of ova production were studied in an ornamental fish, Xiphophorus helleri. Different body weight of male and female X. helleri was selected. They are separately subjected to estimate the rates of ammonia excretion and oxygen consumption and thereafter the ovaries were dissected out and reproductive performances were investigated (gonad weight, GSI and number of ova production). Rate of ammonia excretion and oxygen consumption were inversely related to the body weight of X. helleri. However, the gonad weight, gonadosomatic index, number of ova and embryo productions were positively correlated to the body weight of X. helleri.

 

Key words: Xiphophorus helleri, body weight, sex, ammonia excretion, gonad weight, embryo production

27.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 6(3) 101-104 (2013)

 

An exploratory study of health hazards in dye unit

Sudha Babel and Meenaxi Tiwari*

Deptt.of Textiles and Apparel designing, College of home science, MPUAT, Udaipur, India

*e-mail: Meenaxi.tiwari84@gmail.com

(Received: March 24, 2013; Revised received: July 12, 2013;Accepted: July 15,2013)

 

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Abstract: The present research was planned to study the Assessment of Health hazards in dye unit ,In order to assess the health status of dye workers, a sample of 160 workers was selected from different subunits of selected dye units. Information was drawn about the working environment and other health aspects. Mainly physical health hazards were discussed in this study. The results highlighted the fact that majority of respondents were suffering from physical ailments related to lungs, eyes, skin etc. Half of the respondents reported watering of eyes due to the gas evolved during various processes. Exposure of toxic chemicals caused various skin and respiratory problems.

Key words: health, dye, health hazards, skin disease

28.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 6(3) 105-108 (2013)

 

Effects of physical mutagenic agents on heat shock proteins of Vigna radiate (L.)

Sanjeev Kumar Singh*

Singhania University, Rajasthan, India

*e-mail: sksingh66@gmail.com

(Received: January 18, 2013; Revised received: June 05, 2013;Accepted: June 07,2013)

 

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Abstract: Proper folding of a small proportion of proteins (e.g. the cytoskeletal proteins actin and tubulin) requires additional assistance, which is provided by chaperonins. Eukaryotic chaperonins called TCip lacks a GroES-type co-chaperonin, the last step must differ in eukaryotes. Morever, the size of TCip limits this folding pathway to polypeptides smaller than 55kd. As evident from results more than 12 protein bands were detectable in the supernatant fraction of vigna radiata variety seeds which are germinated under normal room temperature (30°C) condition. A comparison of protein profiles of supernatant fraction of the seeds of these varieties subjected to mutagenic stress shows a increase in number of protein bands in the seeds obtained after treatment with mutagenic agents ethyl methane sulphonate (EMS) and sodium azide (NaN3).

Key words: Protein folding, Seeds, Germination, Chaperonins

 

29.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 6(3) 109-112 (2013)

 

Effect of sewage water and gibberellin (GA3) on biochemical properties and productivity of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

Ram kumar Sagar1*, Chandra Shekhar Kumar1, Alka Singh2, and J.N.Maurya1

1 Department of Plant Science, M.J.P. RohilKhand University, Bareilly-243006, India.

2 Department of Botany, Bareilly College, Bareilly-243006, India.

*e-mail: sagar15rk@gmail.com

(Received: February 16, 2013; Revised received: July 20, 2013;Accepted: July 22,2013)

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Abstract: Field experiment was conducted to study the effect of sewage water (SW) in combination with plant growth hormone like Gibberellin (GA3) on yield and bio chemical parameters of wheat. Sewage water (SW) was collected from two different channels (nala) of Bareilly city. Results indicated an increase in yield and biochemical parameters of wheat irrigated with 100% SW of all the three channels in combination with GA3 compared to 50% SW+GA3 and control (Tap water). Application of 20ppm GA3 in combination with 100% SW showed remarkable higher content of yield and biochemical parameters compared to 100% SW+10ppm GA3 and control. However, irrigation of wheat with 50% SW showed decrease in both yield and biochemical parameters as compared to 100% SW alone and in combination with GA3.

 

Key words: Sewage water, Gibberellin, Yield, Biochemical parameters

 

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