RESEARCH IN ENVIRONMENT AND LIFE SCIENCES

Volume-8, Number-2, May-2015

 

36.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 131-132 (2015)

 

Effect of nitrogen levels and intercropping with chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under different row ratios on growth and yield of brown mustard (Brassica juncea L.)

Omkar Verma1 , Rajesh Singh1, Ganesh Kumar Singh1, Radha Krishan Sharma1,Narendar Kumar1 and Kanchan Pathania2

1Dept. of Agronomy, 2Dept. of Soil Science, Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture, Technology & Sciences, Allahabad-211007, India

*e-mail: pathaniasoil@gmail.com

(Received: November 11, 2014; Revised received: January 12, 2015;Accepted: January 14, 2015)

 

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Abstract: A field experiment was carried out during the winter (rabi) season of 2013 at the Crop Research Farm, Department of Agronomy, SHIATS, Allahabad (U. P.) to evaluate the effect of Nitrogen levels and Intercropping with Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under different row ratios on growth and yield of Brown mustard (Brassica species L.)”. The experiment consisted of twelve treatments comprising of three nitrogen levels (viz.,100 % recommended dose of nitrogen (RDN) to brown mustard + 100% RDN to chickpea, 75 % RDN to brown mustard + 100 % RDN to chickpea, and 100 % RDN to brown mustard +75 % RDN to chickpea) and four row ratios (viz., brown mustard : chickpea in row ratio of 1:1, 1:2, 1:4 and 1:6), which were laid out in Randomized Block Design and replicated thrice. The experimental findings reveal the highest no. of siliqua/plant in brown mustard in treatment T7 [100% RDN Brown mustard : 100% RDN Chickpea(1:4)], maximum no. of seeds/siliqua in treatment T8 [75% N Brown mustard: 100% N Chickpea (1:4)], maximum test weight in treatment T7 and highest seed yield in treatment T3 [100% N Brown mustard : 75% N Chickpea (1:1)]. In chickpea the maximum no. of pod/plant, grains/pod, seed index were recorded in treatment T7 [100% RDN Brown mustard : 100% RDN Chickpea(1:4)] although the maximum seed yield was recorded under treatment T10 [100% RDN Brown mustard : 100% RDN Chickpea(1:6)] due to more no. of plants in 1:6 row ratio of brown mustard : chickpea. Therefore, the highest benefit cost ratio was recorded under treatment T10 due to more plant population of chickpea.

Key words: Brown mustard, Chickpea, Nitrogen levels, Intercropping and Row ratios

37.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 133-136 (2015)

 

Bio economic evaluation of baby corn and groundnut intercropping as influenced by residual green manure and phosphorus in acid soil

Ipsita Kar*1, Vishram Ram2

1OUAT, Bhubaneswar- 751003, Odisha, India

2College of Post Graduate Studies, Central Agricultural University, Umiam, Meghalaya-793103, India

*e-mail:ipsita.kar06@gmail.com

(Received: November 29, 2014; Revised received: February 08, 2015;Accepted: February 10, 2015)

 

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Abstract: The present investigation was carried out in the research farm of College of Post Graduate Studies, CAU, Umiam, Meghalaya, India in 2012 to study the residual effect of green manure and phosphorus on bio economic evaluation of baby corn and phosphorus. In summer, the experiment was conducted for baby corn with in situ green manuring consisting of two levels i.e. without and with green manuring and three levels of phosphorus i.e. 0, 30, 60 kg P2O5 ha-1 supplied through single super phosphate. In kharif, residual effect of green manuring and phosphorus levels were studied on sole baby corn, sole groundnut and baby corn + groundnut (1:1) intercropping system in split-split plot design with four replicates. Residual green manure significantly influenced the nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium uptake in baby corn while only phosphorus uptake in groundnut. With increase in the residual phosphorus levels, the nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium uptake increased. Yield of baby corn and groundnut in system were 5.74 and 1.35 t ha-1, respectively. Land equivalent ratio (LER) of system was 1.35 which show that 35 % extra land is required in sole baby corn and groundnut to compensate the yield of intercropping system. Partial LER for baby corn was greater than groundnut showing higher competitiveness of baby corn. Baby corn + groundnut intercropping is very productive and remunerative with high baby corn equivalent yield (9.51 t ha-1), Net returns (Rs. 1, 25,322) and benefit: cost ratio (3.29).

 

Key words: Baby corn equivalent yield, Green manure, Intercropping, Land equivalent ratio, Net returns

38.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 137-142 (2015)

 

Climate change, natural disaster and hydro electric projects in Satluj basin Kinnaur district, Himachal Pradesh, India

Vinay Kumar Pandey*1, Shashank Shekhar Mishra2 and Ajai Mishra2

1GIPL, Energy division, 5th floor, Orbit plaza, New prabhadevi road,Prabhadevi,Mumbai-400025, India

2Department of Geology, University of Lucknow, Lucknow-226007, India

*e-mail:vinay78pandey@gmail.com

(Received: November 01, 2014; Revised received: January 28, 2015;Accepted: February 01, 2015)

 

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Abstract: Climate change is a major challenge facing our planet today. There is scientific evidence that many mountain regions have become increasingly disaster-prone in recent decades, and that a disproportionally high number of natural disasters occur in mountain areas. Mountains are more frequently affected than other environments by destructive natural processes including earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, dam bursts or glacial lake outbursts, Flash flood, Flood. Global warming reduces snow cover, melts away glaciers, and degrades permafrost areas. The rapid release of melt water and rainfall may combine to trigger debris flows and flash flood in higher ranges, including the formation of potentially dangerous lakes. These lakes may breach suddenly, resulting in discharge of huge volume of water and debris. The Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh had experienced a large number of incidences of flood since its inception in 1971. Though the state has also faced severe flood disaster in 1975 and 1988 but the last decade (1997-2005) has proved one of the worst decades as both the magnitude and frequency of floods have gone up. Flash flood of March 1975, Dec 1988, Satluj flash flood of August 2000, July 2001, June 2005, Flash flood of July 2005 and Cloud burst in June 2013 are the major natural calamities in Kinnaur. Cloudburst leads to flashfloods, landslides, uprooting of trees, house collapse, dislocation of traffic & bridges and human causality on large scale over the area and brought heavy toll to the state as the loss was estimated in several thousand millions of rupees and also killed several hundreds of people besides large number of cattle heads. In this study we try to find out the best mitigation solution through study of past Hydrometerological disaster (HMD) in Satluj basin Kinnaur district and concluded that these disaster are by their nature difficult to predict and control but it is possible to reduce the risk to lives and property through structural measures such as construction of dam which provide a range of economic, environmental, and social benefits, including recreation, flood control, water supply, hydroelectric power, waste management, river navigation, and wildlife habitat..

 

Key words: Climate Change, Hydro-meteorological disasters (HMD), rainfall, Flash flood/flood, Cloud burst, Mitigation measures

39.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 143-146 (2015)

 

Histopathological detection of hog cholera from field outbreaks

N. K. Singh1, S. K. Das2, N. N. Barman3 and T. Rahman4

2SMS (Veterinary Science), KVK, VPKAS (ICAR) Kafligair-263628, Bageshwar, Uttarakhand, India

3Department of Veterinary Microbiology, 4Department of Veterinary Pathology, 1College of Veterinary Science, Assam Agricultural University, Khanapara, Guwahati-781022, India

*e-mail:drnawalsingh@rediffmail.com

(Received: August 26, 2014; Revised received: January 25, 2015;Accepted: January 27, 2015)

 

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Abstract: The study was carried out to detect and describe the outbreaks of Hog Cholera (HC) or Classical Swine Fever (CSF) in different parts of North-Eastern region of India by histopathological techniques in post mortem samples. Histopathological alterations in different lymphoid and non-lymphoid organs provides clue to confirm hog cholera disease. Pigs died of suspected swine fever (hog cholera) virus infection were subjected to postmortem examination and gross lesions were recorded. Samples like kidneys, mesenteric lymph node, spleen and tonsils of approximately 8x8cm size were collected and preserved in10% formal saline solution. Histopathologies were done as per the method described by Luna, 1968. From 9 outbreaks of hog cholera, 60 samples were collected for histopathological examination. All samples (Tonsil, Kidney, Mesenteric Lymph Node (MLN), spleen and brain) were found positive for hog cholera on basis of gross and microscopic findings. For detection of Hog Cholera disease, Tonsil, Kidney, Mesenteric Lymph Node (MLN), spleen and brain were found very suitable samples. Presence of pathogonomic changes in post mortal samples confirms the outbreak of Hog Cholera disease.

Key words: Tonsil, MLN, HCV and CSF

40.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 147-150 (2015)

 

Improvement in water productivity and yield of wheat under micro irrigation and zero tillage techniques in Indo-Gangetic Plains

Vivak Kumar1*, BR Singh, Amit Mishra2, Kapil Kumar3, Rajiv Kumar3 and Robin Kumar1

1Department of Agricultural Engineering & Food Tech, SVPUA&T, Meerut -250110

2IRRI, 3CIMMYT- India Office, NASC Complex, Pusa Campus, New Delhi -110012

*e-mail:balyanv@yahoo.com

(Received: November 11, 2014; Revised received: March 11, 2015;Accepted: March 12, 2015)

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Abstract: Increasing scarcity of resources (labour, water and energy) and cost of production, along with climatic variability are major challenges for the sustainability of wheat, the most important crop from the food security point of view in the north-western Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP).Based upon the inherent potential to address the above issues in conservation agriculture based zero tillage practice and water saving micro-irrigation techniques in the IGP, the study was done which included five irrigation techniques namely micro-sprinkler, drip, chapin drip, low energy water application (LEWA) and conventional flooding and sub-plot with tillage treatments as reduced and zero tillage along with one control i.e.broadcast wheat under flood irrigation. The study revealed that micro-irrigation systems saves irrigation water to a tune of 42.5% and improves the water use efficiency by almost 60% than flood irrigation technique. The grain yield under drip irrigation technique was found to be 22% more than that of broadcast coupled with flood irrigation method. The zero tillage performs better than reduced tillage under different micro-irrigation systems. The LEWA and chapin system still need much refinement for being applicable at the field scale.

 

Key words:Wheat, Micro irrigation techniques, Zero tillage, Water productivity and Grain yield

41.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 151-152 (2015)

 

Effect of foliar treatments of DAP, NAA, and GA-3 on flowering, fruiting and yield of green chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) cv. N-7478

Ramendra Singh*, Siddharth Singh, Bilok Sharma, Sanjeev Nigam and Manoj Kumar Soni

Agriculture Centre of Excellence, Fieldfresh Foods Pvt. Ltd., Ladhowal, Ludhiana, Punjab

*e-mail: ramendra.k.singh@gmail.com

(Received: October 01, 2014; Revised received: February 26, 2015;Accepted: February 27, 2015)

 

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Abstract:An experiment was conducted successively during rabi season of 2013 to investigate the impact of foliar treatment of DAP, NAA and GA3 on flowering, fruiting and total yield of Chilli (Capsicum annum L.). Total 10 treatments were replicated thrice in a randomized block design. The data recorded revealed that there were significant differences on plant height (cm), days taken for fruit set, length (cm) of the fruit, diameter (mm) of the fruit, no. of fruits per plantand yield (MT) per hectare. Highest plant height (85.87cm) was achieved in spray of NAA @ 20ppm. However, different level of DAP spray showed significant differences on yield attributes. Minimum days (25.63) taken for fruit set, highest length (6.32 cm) and diameter (6.32 mm) of the fruit, no. of fruits per plant (142.32), total yield (31.31 MT/hectare) was recorded in the two spray of 2% DAP in 35 and 70 days after transplanting.

 

Key words:Chili, DAP, NAA, GA-3, Yield

42.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 153-156 (2015)

 

Correlation and path analysis for yield and quality characters in rice (Oryza sativa L.)

P. K. Bhati*, S. K. Singh, Rajesh Singh, S. Y. Dhurai, Amita Sharma and Vijay Kumar

Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, BHU, Varanasi - 221 005, India

*e-mail: bhatipradeep5@gmail.com

(Received: October 07, 2014; Revised received: January 15, 2015;Accepted: January 18, 2015)

 

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Abstract: An investigation was carried out during kharif 2012 at Agricultural Research Farm, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi (U.P.). All the 52 genotypes were sown in the nursery on 12th June 2012, and 25 days old seedlings were used for transplanting in the field. All entries were grown in a randomized block design (RBD) in three replications to estimate correlation coefficients and path analysis for grain yield and yield contributing traits in rice. Correlation studies in rice revealed that genotypic correlation coefficients were higher than phenotypic correlation coefficients for most of the characters under study. Character association analysis revealed significantly positive association of grain yield per plant with number of effective tiller per plant, number of tiller per plant, grain weight per panicle, kernel L/B ratio and 1000 grain weight. Correlations among yield components were positive, encouraging rapid improvement of yield. Path analysis revealed that number of grains per panicle, tiller per plant, spikelet fertility, days to maturity, 1000 grain weight kernel length and plant height had high positive direct effects on grain yield. Hence, selection based on these traits could help to bring simultaneous improvement of yield and yield attributes.

Key words: Correlation, Path analysis, Rice, Yield and quality traits

43.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 157-158 (2015)

 

Prevalence of canine parvovirus in dogs in Ludhiana, Punjab

Gurpreet Kaur*, Mudit Chandra, P. N. Dwivedi, N.S. Sharma

Department of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary Sciences,

Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana-141001, India

*e-mail: gurpreet7502@rediffmail.com

(Received: September 24, 2014; Revised received: January 18, 2015;Accepted: January 20, 2015)

 

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Abstract: In the present study a total of 100 faecal samples from dogs suspected of CPV were screened using PCR and nested PCR. The prevalence using PCR was 11% and by nested PCR 50%. Nested PCR was found to be more sensitive than conventional PCR.

 

Key words: Canine Parvovirus, dogs, prevalence, PCR, nested-PCR

 

44.

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 159-160 (2015)

 

Effect of sowing methods, nitrogen levels on yield of malt barley (Hordeum vulgare L.)

Sanjeev Kumar*, Prakash Yadav, Pawan Kumar Verma and Vikas Yadav

Department of agronomy, C.S.A Agriculture University, Kanpur -208002

*e-mail: pawanjrf85@gmail.com

(Received: September 19, 2014; Revised received: January 27, 2015;Accepted: January 29, 2015)

 

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Abstract: A field experiment was conducted during rabi, 2010-11 and 2011-12 to study the effect of methods of sowing, nitrogen levels and irrigation scheduling on production and quality of malt barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). The study revealed that plant height, dry matter accumulation, effective tillers, grains/ear, 1,000-grains weight and grain and straw yields were statistically at par with different method of sowing. Grain, straw and malt yields increased significantly with an increase in N level from 50 to 100% of recommended dose as a result of increase in plant height, dry matter accumulation, effectives tillers, grains/ear and 1,000-grains weight. The highest grain (4.8 t/ha) and malt yield (3.98 t/ha) were obtained with 100% of recommended N, which was statistically at par with 75% of recommended N and significantly higher than 50% of recommended N. N, P and K uptake was also not-significantly affected by methods of sowing, while increase in N 1evel and CPE ratio significantly increased NPK uptake by malt barley.

 

Key words: Irrigation schedule, Nitrogen levels, Yield attributes and Sowing methods

45

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 161-163 (2015)

 

Effect of integrated nutrient management on flowering behaviour and yield of tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa Linn) cv. Hyderabad Double

Sandeep Kumar, A. K. Singh* and Amar Singh

Department of Floriculture and Landscaping, N.D. University of Agriculture and Technology Kumarganj, Faizabad

*e-mail: aruks59@gmail.com

(Received: August 30, 2014; Revised received: January 04, 2015;Accepted: January 07, 2015)

 

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Abstract: The experiment was laid out in randomized block design with thirteen treatments comprising of PSB, Azotobacter and FYM alone or in combination with each other and variable doses of N, P and K in three replications. The treatment combination of PSB + Azotobacter + 50% N+50% P + K during 2009-10 and the same combination along with FYM during 2010-11 revealed the earliest initiation of spikes in tuberose cv. Hyderabad Double. However, the higher dose of inorganic fertilizers along with PSB, Azotobacter and FYM delays the initiation of spikes during both the years of study. The earliest opening of first floret, longest duration of flowering, maximum spike length and number of floret per spike was observed in the plants feeded with PSB + Azotobacter + 50% N + 50% P + K + FYM during 2009-10 and 2010-11.The highest average weight of florets per spike was obtained with the treatment PSB + Azotobacter + 50% N + 50% P + K + FYM in both the years. The treatment combination of PSB + Azotobacter+50% N+50% P + K + FYM produced the maximum number of spikes per unit area (hectare) during 2009-10 and 2010-11.The plants nourished with PSB+Azotobacter+50% N+ 50% P+K+FYM yielded the maximum flowers during 2009-10 and also in successive year of experimentation..

Key words: Nutrient management, Tuberose, Flowering behaviour, Yield

46

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 164-166 (2015)

 

Integrated nutrient management for vegetative growth and flowering of gladiolus

A. K. Singh*, Amar Singh and Sandeep Kumar

Department of Floriculture and Landscaping, N.D. University of Agriculture and Technology Kumarganj, Faizabad

*e-mail: aruks59@gmail.com

(Received: September 10, 2014; Revised received: January 12, 2015;Accepted: January 14, 2015)

 

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Abstract: Quality flower production in commercial cultivation of gladiolus is need of flower industry. In this order, gladiolus corms were inoculated with Azospirillum and VAM alone and in combination of nitrogen, phosphorus and potash including application of 10 tonnes FYM ha-1 in each treatment. Experiment was laid out in a randomized block design with a total of 10 treatments replicated three times. The effect of INM was investigated on days taken for complete sprouting, number of sprout per corm, plant height and number of leaves, number of days taken for spike initiation, diameter of floret, length of spike, number of spikes per plant and hectare during both years i.e. 2011-12 and 2012-13.Earliestsprouting, highest number of sprout per corm, plant height and number of leaves, earliest spike initiations and highestdiameter of floret were observed with T8 (Azospirillum + 75% N + 200 kg P2O5 + 200 kg K2O) during 2011-12 and 2012-13, respectively. The treatment combination T8 showed highest length of spike (95.60 and 96.53 cm in 2011-12 and 2012-13, respectively). The number of spikes per plant (1.86 and 1.80 in 2011-12 and 2012-13, respectively) and per hectare (2.33 lakh/ha in 2011-12 and 2.25 lakh/ha in 2012-13) were also found maximum with the treatment T8 (Azospirillum + 75% N + 200 kg P2O5 + 200 kg K2O)

Key words: Gladiolus, Azospirillum, VAM, Corm, sprouting, Spike, Floret

47

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 167-170 (2015)

 

Effect of split application of nitrogen on biometric growth parameters, nitrogen use efficiency and yield of kharif sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench)

R. M. Khidrapure, V. S. Kubsad and H. R. Priya

Department of Agronomy, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad- 580005, Karnataka, India

*e-mail: vskubsad@rediffmail.com

(Received: November 01, 2014; Revised received: March 14, 2015;Accepted: March 15, 2015)

 

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Abstract: A field experiment was conducted to study the effect of split application of nitrogen on biometric growth parameters, nitrogen use efficiency and yield of kharif sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) at AICRP on Sorghum, Main Agricultural Research Station, Dharwad during kharif 2014. The experiment was laid out in split plot design with fourteen treatment combinations and three replications. The treatment consisted of two genotypes in main plots and seven methods of split application of nitrogen in sub plots. Among the genotypes DSV-6 recorded significantly higher grain weight ear-1 (100.59 g), number of grains ear-1 (4376), nitrogen use efficiency (59.36 kg kg-1), grain yield (5937 kg ha-1) and fodder yield (9.09 t ha-1). In nitrogen application methods, split application of nitrogen @ 50 % N at sowing + 25 % N at 30 DAS + 25 % N at boot leaf stage recorded significantly higher grain weight ear-1 (99.56 g), number of grians ear-1 (4088), protein content in seed (8.33 %), nitrogen use efficiency (64.83 kg kg-1), grain yield (6483 kg ha-1) and fodder yield (9.78 t ha-1). Split application of nitrogen @ 50 % N at sowing + 25 % N at 30 DAS + 25 % N at BLS to DSV-6 recorded significantly higher grain weight ear-1 (115.14 g), nitrogen use efficiency (69.00 kg kg-1) and grain yield (6900 kg ha-1)..

Key words: Biometric, Genotypes, Nitrogen use efficiency, Sorghum, Split application

48

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 171-174 (2015)

 

Effect of intercropping system on yield, yield parameters, nutrient uptake and economics of aerobic rice

M. M. Venkatesha, N. Krishnamurthy,G. B. Tuppadand K. T. Venkatesh

Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad- 580005, Karnataka, India

*e-mail: tuppadgb@gmail.com

(Received: August 26, 2014; Revised received: February 11, 2015;Accepted: February 14, 2015)

 

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Abstract: A field experiment was conducted during kharif season in farmers field to study the yield, economics and nutrient uptake of aerobic rice under different intercropping systems. Results showed that significantly higher rice grain yield was noticed in sole aerobic rice (5470 kg ha-1) followed by rice + amaranthus (5085 kg ha-1). Also higher yield attributing parameters like number of productive tillers hill-1 (32.96), Number of grains panicle-1(256.77), number of filled grains panicle-1 (235.93), less Number of chaff grains panicle-1 (20.84) were responsible to give significantly higher grain yield of rice. Among the different intercropping systems, rice + amaranthus recorded significantly higher rice equivalent yield (18007 kg ha-1) compared to sole crop of rice (5470 kg ha-1) and rice + french bean (4716 kg ha-1). However, it was statistically on par with rice + coriander (17926 kg ha-1). Rice + amaranthus recorded more REY than french bean (73.81 %), bhendi (19.75 %), radish (42.87 %), soybean (55.14 %) and sole rice (69.63 %). Higher nutrient uptake was observed in sole rice crop (170.53 kg nitrogen ha-1, 55.58 kg phosphorus ha-1 and 128.1 kg potassium ha-1) compared to other intercrops but it was on par with amaranthus intercrop with rice. Available favourable residual nutrients status of NPK (311.1 44.6 and 221.5 kg ha-1) were recorded higher in rice + soybean as compared to sole crop of rice in the soil after harvest of the crops. With respect to economics, Rice + amaranthus recorded significantly higher gross returns (Rs. 1,03382 ha-1), net returns (Rs.84,107 ha-1) and B C ratio (1:5.36) as compared to the other intercrops.

Key words: Aerobic rice, intercropping systems, yield, nutrient uptake, economics

49

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 175-176(2015)

 

Selection of appropriate Trichogramma sp. and dosage for the management of Plutella xylostella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutidae) in cabbage

Vijayakumar Halagatti*¹, S. K. Jalali¹ And Prakash²

Department of Agril. Entomology, University of Agricultural Sciences, ¹GKVK, Bangalore-560065, ²Dharwad-580005, Karnataka

*e-mail: vvh4219@gmail.com

(Received: October 10, 2014; Revised received: March 05, 2015;Accepted: March 07, 2015)

 

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Abstract: The screening of various trichogrammatids against Plutella xylostellareveleas that the per cent parasitism of P. xylostella eggs by different Trichogramma spp. ranged from a minimum of 3.6 per cent by T. japonicum to a maximum of 45.3 per cent by T. pretiosum (arrehenotokous), which was significantly higher than other species tested). T. chilonis was next superior species with 27.8% parasitism and T. achaeae 18.6% and T. evanescens 18.1% were next best species and were on par with each other. The parasitism of P. xylostella eggs by other species was between 4.5-7.6%.The result thus indicated that T. pretiosum (arrehenotokous) species was suitable candidate species for further experiments against P. xylostella. Against P. xylostella on cabbage, T. pretiosum (arrehenotokous) species was used @ 50,000 and 100,000/ha, 1-3 times in a brood of the pest. The study suggested that release @ 100,000 were superior over lower dosages but 2 and 3 releases were at par. Therefore, two releases were found to be appropriate during a brood..

Key words: Trichograma, Plutella, Parasitoid, Cabbage

50

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 177-178 (2015)

 

Effect of different types of milk and various levels of sugar on yield of clotted cream

Anoop Singh Chauhan*, M.P.S. Yadav, Manoj Gupta, Samar Jeet Singh and R.B. Singh

Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying, C.S.A.U.A.T., Kanpur-208002, India

*e-mail: aschauhan7569@gmail.com

(Received: September 22, 2014; Revised received: March 18, 2015;Accepted: March 20, 2015)

 

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Abstract: The yield of clotted cream depends on the initial composition of milk, the degree of concentration and the percentage of sugar added. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of milk and sugar on yield of Clotted cream. Here four type of milk (cow milk, buffalo milk, combined milk and skim milk) and three levels of sugar (6%, 8% and 10%) were taken and replicated three times. Overall average yield of Clotted cream was found to be 28.894 per cent. On account of different types of milk, average yield of Clotted cream were recorded to be 29.233, 31.007, 29.969 and 25.367 per cent from cow milk, buffalo milk, combined milk and skim milk, respectively. On account of various levels of sugar, yield of Clotted cream were 27.043, 28.938 and 30.700 per cent at 6 %, 8% and 10% sugar level, respectively. The highest yield (32.700%) was noted in the combination of Clotted cream which prepared by buffalo milk with 10 % sugar level whereas lowest (23.400%) yield was found in Clotted cream which was prepared by skim milk with 6% sugar level, but 6% sugar was preferred for production of Clotted cream . So it was concluded that the maximum yield can be obtained by increasing fat and total solids in the composition for preparation of Clotted cream. The buffalo milk is suitable for preparation and yield of Clotted cream with 6% sugar level due to higher percentage of total solids.

Key words: Milk, Sugar, Yield and Clotted cream

51

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 179-180 (2015)

 

Estimation of carbohydrate in mung bean nodules infected by mung bean mosaic virus

Brij Lal Verma2and B.D.Singh1

1Department of Botany, K.S. Saket P.G. College, Ayodhya, Faizabad-224123, India

2P.M.S. Degree College, Lakhperabagh, Barabanki-225001, India

*e-mail: vermabrijlal1272@gmail.com

(Received: August16, 2014; Revised received: March 05, 2015;Accepted: March 07, 2015)

 

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Abstract: An experiment was set up at plant pathology lab K.S. Saket P.G. College, Ayodhya, Faizabad during 2010-11 under the supervision of first author to see the carbohydrate content in Mung bean nodules infected with Mung bean mosaic virus. The observation indicate that the total sugar, reducing sugar, non-reducing sugar contents become reduced in the nodules of disesed plants.

Key words: Carbohydrate, Root nodule, Mung bean, Pant mung-1, HgCl2, Inoculation, Sand-loan, Clay pots

52

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 181-184(2015)

 

Physico-chemical parameters of Araiya water body of Begusarai wetland of north Bihar

Uttam Kumar* and Swapna Choudhary

Department of Zoology, S. K. Mahila College, Begusarai, 851101, L.N.M.University, Darbhanga

*e-mail: uttamraj20@yahoo.in

(Received: October 24, 2014; Revised received: March 24, 2015;Accepted: March 25, 2015)

 

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Abstract: Araiya is a water logged area of Begusarai wetland. It is located at Kusmahaut village, 15 km northeast of Begusarai district headquarter of Bihar. The total water spreading area of Araiya during monsoon is 3 to 4.5 ha. The physico-chemical parameters play a vital role in the wetland ecosystems. The present work is an attempt to elucidate the details of the physico-chemical parameters of Araiya viz. water temperature (WT), transparency of water (TW), water depth (WT), pH, dissolved oxygen (DO), free carbon dioxide (FCO2), electrical conductivity (EC), total hardness (TH), total alkalinity (TA), phosphate (PO43-) and nitrate (NO3-). Present investigation shows that Araiya’s water has WT (16.3 - 33.0°C), TW (20 - 35 cm), WD (32 - 172 cm),slight acidic to alkaline pH (6.8 - 7.4), moderate level of DO(4.5 - 7.8 ppm), high level of FCO2 (7.5 - 12.5 ppm),moderate level of EC (120 – 180 µs), high level of TH(96 – 147 ppm), moderate level of TA (65 – 89 ppm), suitable range of PO43-(0.14 - 0.35 ppm) and NO3- (0.16 - 0.39 ppm). Present study will help for further strategy for the development of mentioned wetland (chaur). There is a fluctuation in the physico - chemical parameters of the water. It is due to in flow of rain and agricultural water in water body and change in the temperature as season changes. Present study will help for further strategy for the development of wetland.

Key words: Wetland, Physico - chemical parameters, Araiya, DO, FCO2, Alkalinity

53

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 185-188(2015)

 

Impact of fertility levels on wheat (Triticum aestivum) varieties grown under block plantation of poplar (Populus deltoides) and in open field

Yaduvendra Singh Yadav1, S. B. Lal1, Pawan Kumar Verma2*, Prakash yadav2 and B. Mehera1

1Department of School of Forestry and Environment S.H.I.A.T.S Allahabad

2Department of Agronomy C.S.A.U. & T. Kanpur-208002

*e-mail: pawanjrf85@gmail.com

(Received: October 28, 2014; Revised received: March 28, 2015;Accepted: March 30, 2015)

 

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Abstract: A field experiment was conducted on wheat under block plantation of 5-year old poplars and in open field at Allahabad (U.P.) during Rabi 2011-12 and 2012-13. The treatments comprised 8 combinations of two varieties viz., PBW 343 timely sown and K9423 late sown and four fertility levels viz. F0-no fertilizer; F1-N100P40K20 in PBW343 and N60P30K20 in K9423; F2-N120P60K40 in PBW343 and N80P40K30 in K9423; and F3-N140P80K60 in PWB343 and N100P50K40 kg/ha in K9423. The results revealed that wheat grown under poplar plantation reduced grain yield by 5.18 and 8.86 q/ha or 16.0 and 27.3% while net return reduced by Rs. 7937 and 14641/ha or 29.6 and 53.9% during 2011-12 and 2012-13, respectively compared to wheat grown in open field. The interaction effect of varieties x fertility showed that under poplar plantation, PBW343 respond with up to F2 fertility (34.48 and 30.68 q/ha grain yield and Rs. 28446 and 21862/ha net return) while K9423 responded only up to F1 fertility with 26.36 and 22.38 q/ha grain yield and Rs. 17183 and 10302/ha net return during 2011-12 and 2012-13, respectively. In case of sole wheat crop, PBW343 responded significantly up to F3 fertility with 47.50 and 47.60 q/ha grain yield and Rs. 47923 and 48857/ha net return, whereas K9423 responded only up to F1 level with 30.83 and 31.08 q/ha grain yield and Rs. 24314 and 24990/ha net return during 2011-12 and 2012-13, respectively. It may thus be concluded that for wheat cultivation under poplar plantation variety PBW343 with N120P60K40 kg/ha fertility is most suitable for higher yield and returns. However for late sown wheat variety K9423 with N60P30K20 fertility may be practiced.

Key words: Wheat, Varieties, Poplars, Fertility, Yield, Net return

54

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 189-192(2015)

 

Response of fertilizer industry effluent on

growth and metabolism of Wheat ( Triticum aestivum L.) Plants

P.K.Tandon and Induja Tripathi

Department of Botany, University of Lucknow, Lucknow -226007, India

*e-mail: tandonpramod@yahoo.in

(Received: November 07, 2014; Revised received: April 04, 2015;Accepted: April 06, 2015)

 

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Abstract: Wheat plants were subjected to different doses of fertilizer industry effluents. It was observed that almost all the studied growth and metabolic parameters were found to be adversely affected by higher concentrations of fertilizer industry effluents. However, chemical properties of soil viz. pH, percentages of calcium carbonate and organic carbon showed significant increase at increasing doses of the said fertilizer effluent..

Key words: Fertilizer industry effluent, wheat, catalase, peroxidase, amylase, chlorophyll, sugars, protein

55

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 193-196 (2015)

 

Impact of sulphur nutrition on promising mustard cultivars in eastern Uttar Pradesh

Ravi Pratap Yadav, R. S. Singh, Harikesh and P.K. Singh

Department of Agronomy, Narendra Deva University of Agriculture & Technology Kumarganj, Faizabad (U.P.)

*e-mail: hirendrayadavnduat@gmail.com

(Received: November 03, 2014; Revised received: April 04, 2015;Accepted: April 06, 2015)

 

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Abstract: A field experiment was conducted during the rabi seasons of 2010-11and 2011-12 to assess the Impact of sulphur nutrition on promising mustard cultivars in eastern Uttar Pradesh. The experiment was conducted with randomized block design and replicated three times. Twelve treatment combinations consisted of four sulphur levels viz., S0 (0 kg S ha-1), S1 (20 kg S ha-1), S2 (40 kg S ha-1) and S3 (60 kg S ha-1) and three varieties viz., V1 (Varuna), V2 (Rohini) and V3 (Narendra Rai -8501) were allocated randomly. Results revealed that all the growth, yield attributes and quality were increased significantly under 60 kg S ha-1. The growth characters viz., plant height, leaf area index, dry matter accumulation and number of branches plant-1 and yield attributes like number of siliqua plant-1, number of seed siliqua-1, length of siliqua (cm) and seed and stover yields of mustard crop were significantly higher with Narendra Rai-8501 as compared to Varuna and Rohini. The highest net return and B:C ratio were computed under 60 kg Sha-1 with Narendra Rai-8501. Mustard variety Narendra Rai 8501 at 60 kg sulphur ha-1 proved most remunerative and economically feasible for cultivation under the agroclimatic condition of eastern Uttar Pradesh.

Key words: Sulphur levels,Varieties, Growth, Yield attributes, Quality and Economics

56

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 197-200 (2015)

 

Genetic diversity in promising lines and their F1 progenies of bottle gourd [Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl.] over seasons

Adesh Kumar*1, Gulab Chand Yadav1 and Amar Singh2

1Department of Vegetable Science, 2Department of Horticulture, N.D.U.A. and T., Kumarganj, Faizabad-224 229, India.

*e-mail: adesh.kumar36@gmail.com

(Received: July 21, 2014; Revised received: February 02, 2015;Accepted: February 03, 2015)

 

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Abstract: The experiment was conducted for consecutive two years in Randomized Block Design with three replications. In present investigation 54 genotypes (10 lines + 4 testers + 40 F1’s) of bottle gourd were grouped into nine distinct non over lapping clusters. This indicated presence of considerable diversity in the genotypes. The clusters contained genotypes of heterogenous origin. The genotypes of same geographic region were also found to be grouped together in the same clusters. Thus, there was no consistent relationship between genetic divergence and geographical distribution. Cluster II had maximum number of genotypes (20) followed by cluster III (13), cluster (11) and cluster (5), while rest of the five clusters contains mono genotypes. The intra cluster D2 values ranged from 0.00 (cluster IV, V, VI, VII and IX) to 186.54 (cluster III), while the inter cluster D2 values ranged from 69.86 (cluster IV and VII) to 730.23 (cluster VIII and IX).The inter cluster distances between cluster VIII to cluster IX (730.23) and cluster VI to cluster VIII (657.40) were also very high. The higher inter cluster distance indicated greater genetic divergences between the genotypes of those clusters, while lower inter cluster values between the clusters suggested that the genotypes of the cluster were not much genetically diverse from each other. Cluster VI showed the maximum mean values for days to first staminate flower anthesis, days to first pistillate flower anthesis, node number to first staminate flower, days to first fruit harvest and ascorbic acid. Whereas, cluster IX showed maximum mean values for fruit yield per plant and some other traits. The results suggested that crosses between selected lines/F1’s from widely separated clusters are most likely to give desirable hybrids/segregates.

Key words: Bottle gourd, Genetic divergence, D2 analysis, Cluster analysis

57

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 201-204 (2015)

 

Influence of canopy modification on the growth parameters, dry matter production and yield of pigeonpea genotypes

Giramallappa, B. Tuppad, B. G. Koppalkar, G. Madhu and Shamaraj

Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, UAS, Dharwad-580 005, India

*e-mail: tuppadgb@gmail.com

(Received: August 08, 2014; Revised received: January 28, 2015;Accepted: January 30, 2015)

 

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Abstract: A field experiment was conducted at Agricultural College Farm, UAS, Raichur under rainfed condition to evaluate the performance of pigeonpea genotypes under different planting geometries. The genotypes BSMR-736 differ significantly for seed yield (1308 kg ha-1) and most of the growth characters, like plant height (cm), primary branches (plant-1), secondary branches (plant-1), dry matter production (g plant-1) dry matter accumulation in leaves(g plant-1), dry matter accumulation stem (g plant-1), dry matter accumulation in reproductive parts (g plant-1) than ICPL-85063 (1146 kg ha-1) which was on par with TS-3R (1125 kg ha-1). The net return (¹28,626 ha-1) and B C ratio (2.64) were found to be significantly higher in BSMR-736. Significant variations in the different growth and yield characters were noticed with variation in the planting geometry. Among the different spacing tested a spacing of 90 x 20 cm recorded significantly higher seed yield (1289 kg ha-1), but the growth attributes are found to be higher in a wider row spacing of 120 x 90 cm. The net return (¹26,154 ha-1) and BC ratio (2.49) was recorded significantly higher in spacing of 90 x 20 cm than other spacing.

Key words: Pigeonpea, cultivars, planting geometry and growth attributes

58

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 205-208(2015)

 

Isolation, In vitro antibiotic susceptibility and molecular characterization of Pasteurella multocida field isolates from bovine

Mehul Kumar Chaudhari*, A. K. Arora, N. S. Sharma, Paviter Kaur, Sabia Qureshi

Department of Veterinary Microbiology, COVSc, GADVASU, Ludhiana-141004, India

*e-mail: mehul.chaudhari.1990@gmail.com

(Received: December 09, 2014; Revised received: March 24, 2015;Accepted: March 25, 2015)

 

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Abstract: The present study was carried out with an aim to isolate and characterize the Pasteurella multocida from cattle and buffaloes by various biochemical tests and sensitivity pattern to different antibiotics. A total of 7 isolates of P.multocida were obtained from 301 samples comprising of nasal swabs and peripheral blood from live and tissues (heart blood, tracheal swab, lung, liver and spleen) from dead animals. All the isolates were quite homogeneous in their biochemical profiles. All the isolates were sensitive to enrofloxacin, pefloxacin, ceftriaxone, gentamicin, cephalothin and chloramphenicol. The isolates were confirmed as capsular type B (B: 2, B: 2, 5) by multiplex capsular typing and species and type specific PCRs. Variation in sensitivity pattern indicating the emergence of resistance strain of Pasteurella multocida field isolates..

Key words: Pasteurella multocida, isolation and molecular characterization, Antibiogram, Haemorrhagic septicaemia, Bovine

59

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 209-212 (2015)

 

Influence of mechanical pinching and growth retardants on vegetative growth and yield of African marigold (Tagetes erecta L.) var. Pusa Narangi Gainda

Naresh Chandra Pushkar and A. K. Singh

Department of Floriculture and Landscaping, College of Horticulture & Forestry, N.D.U.A. & T., Faizabad- 224229, India

*e-mail: pushkar.marigold@gmail.com

(Received: December 09, 2014; Revised received: March 24, 2015;Accepted: March 25, 2015)

 

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Abstract: An experiment was carried out to study the influence of pinching and growth retardants and their combination on vegetative growth and yield of African marigold (Tagetes erecta L.) var. Pusa Narangi Gainda. Fifteen treatments were used i.e. control (water sprayed), no pinching and cycocel 500 ppm, no pinching and alar 3000 ppm, pinching at 20 DAT without growth retardants, pinching at 20 DAT with cycocel 500 ppm, pinching at 20DAT with cycocel 1000 ppm pinching at 20 DAT with alar 1500 ppm, pinching at 20 DAT with alar 3000 ppm, pinching at 30 days without growth retardant, pinching at 30DAT with cycocel 500 ppm, pinching at 30 DAT with cycocel 1000 ppm, pinching at 30 DAT with alar 1500 ppm and pinching at 30 DAT with alar 3000 ppm on the vegetative growth and yield of African marigold. Among the pinching and growth retardants spray the pinched crop at 20 DAT sprayed with cycocel 500 ppm was recorded highest reduction in plant height (70.18 and 73.93 cm) intermodal length (3.14 and 3.16) and the maximum flower yield (39.78 and 41.74 t/ha).

Key words: African marigold, mechanical pinching, plant growth regulator cycocel and alar flower yield

60

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 213-214 (2015)

 

Epidemiology and management of rust disease (Ravenelia emblicae Syd.) of Aonla

Devesh Anand Singh, Sanjeev Kumar, Sukhvinder Singh and Govind Vishwakarma

Department of Plant Pathology, N.D.U.A. & T., Faizabad- 224229, India

*e-mail: drsanjeev44@gmail.com

(Received: August 29, 2014; Revised received: January 30, 2015;Accepted: January 31, 2015)

 

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Abstract: Indian goosberry (Emblica officinalis Gaertn) commonly known as aonla is one of the important fruit crop in arid and semi-arid growing regions. To test the effect of bioagents and fungicide alone and in combination against aonla rust, a field experiment was conducted at Main Experimental Station Horticulture, Narendra Deva University of Agriculture and Technology, Faizabad. The result showed that minimum PDI (12.25) with maximum PDC (69.75)and yield 105.50kg/tree was recorded with (0.2%) chlorothalonil treatment followed by 1% T. viride + 0.1 % chlorothalonil (16.50 PDI), (58.49 PDC) and yield 96.00 kg/tree. Bio-agents Trichoderma viride & Pseudomonas fluorescens were found less effective to control the disease. Correlation matrix studies revealed that temperature (maximum & minimum) and evaporation showed highly significant negative correlation whereas relative humidity (evening) and rainfall showed significant negative correlation with PDI..

Key words: Emblica officinalis, Aonla, Ravenelia emblicae, Rust, Fungicide, Bioagents

61

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 215-218 (2015)

 

Response of transplanted rice (oryza sativa) to potassium and sulphur application with and without green manuring

Dharmendra Singh1, Ripudaman Singh*2, Hemant kumar3 and Awadhesh Kumar4

1Department ofSoil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, 2,3Department of Agronomy,

4Department of Soil Science and Water Conservation, C.S. Azad University of Agriculture & Technology, Kanpur, India

*e-mail: rsycsa@gmail.com

(Received: September 29, 2014; Revised received: January 14, 2015;Accepted: January 16, 2015)

 

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Abstract: Field experiment was conducted in two consecutive Kharif seasons of 2009-10 and 2010-11 at Fertilizer research Station, Uttaripura (Kanpur Nagar) of C.S. Azad university of Agriculture and technology, Kanpur to study the effect of potassium and sulphur levels with and without green leaf manuring on growth, yield, nutrient uptake and grain quality of rice (Oryza sativa). Treatments comprised 18 combinations of 3 K-levels (0, 60, 120 kg/ha, 3-5 levels (0, 40, 60 kg/ha) and 2 green manuring levels (N0 GM and green leaf manuring @ 30 t/ha). the results revealed that increasing level of K and S increased growth and yield attributes and the yields of grain and straw significantly with upto 120 kg K2O or 60 kg S/ha application in almost all cases. Thus combined application of 120 kg K2O + 60 kg S/ha recorded highest of 62.97 and 66.00 q/ha grain yield and, 101.50 and 95.42 q/ha straw yield during 2009-10 and 2010-11, respectively. Protein content also increased due to K and S levels but margin of increase was not found significant in any case. Effect of green leaf manuring was not found to be significant on any of the rice characters studied. Uptke of N,P,K and S by rice crop increased with increasing levels of K and S upto their highest application of 120 kg K2O + 60 kg S/ha recorded maximum uptake of 120.68 kg and 128.95 kg N/ha, 51.27 and 47.65 kg P/ha, 149.66 and 144.65 K/ha and 35.43 and 32.81 kg S/ha during 2009-10 and 2010-11, respectively.

Key words: Rice, potassium, sulphur, green manuring, yield, uptake of nutrients

62

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 219-221(2015)

 

Management of black leaf spot disease of ber ( Zizyphus mauritiana Lamk.) with fungitoxicant and induced systemic resistance(ISR)

Ashok Kumar, Sanjeev Kumar, Santosh Kumar and S.P. Singh

Department of Plant Pathology, N.D.U.A.& T., Faizabad-224229, India

*e-mail: drsanjeev44@gmail.com

(Received: October 01, 2014; Revised received: February 17, 2015;Accepted: February 20, 2015)

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Abstract: The Indian Ber (Zizyphus mauritiana Lamk.) also known as Narkelikul, Boroi, Bor, Beri, Indian plum is a tropical fruit tree species belonging to the family Rhamnaceae. Indian jujube is one of the two Zizyphus species that have considerable horticultural importance. It is commonly found in the tropical and subtropical regions. A number of fungi belonging to different taxonomic families attack the crop. The management strategy should be comprising of several chemical and biological. Results showed that the minimum disease intensity (0.17%) was recorded in plants having the treated with propiconazole (0.1%) which was found most effective chemical followed by Strobilurin (4 ppm) and Salicylic acid (500 ppm). However control (untreated) plants showed maximum disease intensity. On the other hand, maximum disease control (70.18%) was recorded in propiconazole followed by Strobilurin (52.62) and Salicylic acid (29.82).

 

Key words: Zizyphus mauritiana, Isariopsis indica var. zizyphi, Phakospora zizyphus vulgaris, Oidium erysiphoides f. sp. zizyphi, Tandonella zizyphi, Alternaria sp., Cercospora zizyphi, Cladosporium zizyphi and Phoma sp.black leaf spot Strobilurin, Salicylic acid, Propiconazole

63

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 222-224 (2015)

 

Monitoring of foliar blight pathogens from different plant parts of barley

 Santosh Kumar, S.P. Singh, Sanjeev Kumar and Ashok Kumar

Department of Plant Pathology N.D.U.A. & T., Faizabad- 224229, India

*e-mail: drsanjeev44@gmail.com

(Received: October 01, 2014; Revised received: February 17, 2015;Accepted: February 20, 2015)

 

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Abstract: Experiment was conducted for two years during 2008-09 and 2009-10 to find out the number of foliar blight pathogens prevailing in Eastern Uttar Pradesh. Naturally affected samples from different plant parts (leaf, sheath, neck and ear heads) showing characteristics symptoms of fungal diseases were collected at fortnightly intervals. The properly collected samples were brought to the laboratory for critical examination and isolation of the causal organism. To work out causal pathogens of foliar blight from different plant parts i.e. leaves, sheath, neck and ear heads, 20 samples of each parts were collected from second fortnight of December during both the years of experimentation. After repeated isolations, the six species of fungi namely Alternaria alternata (Fr.) Keissler. ,Bipolaris sorokiniana (Sacc.) Shoem., Drechslera graminea (Rubenh ex. Schlecht) Shoem., Drechslera teres, Curvularia lunata (Walker) Boedijn., and Epicoccum species were isolated. The average frequency of isolation were recorded and Bipolaris sorokiniana were recorded as dominant pathogen. Occurrence of one or more of these pathogens, in Eastern Uttar Pradesh have been recorded.

Key words: Isolation, Identificaton, Alternaria alternata, Curvularia lunata, Drechslera teres, Bipolaris sorokiniana, Drechslera graminea, Epicoccum sp. barley

64

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 225-228(2015)

 

Food consumption pattern and nutritional status of rural farm women

M. Baskar*,S. Amutha, P. Banumathi and P. Muneeshwari

Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Home Science College and Research Institute, Madurai – 625104, India

*e-mail: baskar.fsn@gmail.com

(Received: September 30, 2014; Revised received: February 02, 2015;Accepted: February 04, 2015)

 

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Abstract: Malnutrition means more than feeling hungry or not having enough food to eat. Inadequate intake of protein, calories, iron and other essential nutrients leads to malnutrition. Poor nutrition occurs in developing countries, as well as in more prosperous areas of the world. About 800 million persons worldwide are affected by malnutrition. More than half the childhood deaths in developing countries are related to malnutrition. In this study subjects were selected from Madurai South, Vadipatti and Melur taluks. Rural farm women in the age between 20-40 years were selected as subjects for the study and the total number of respondents were fixed as ninety. A pre-tested questionnaire were used to assess theanthropometric status and nutritional status of the respondents. The height weight BMI and skin fold thickness of the respondent’s ranges between 140 and 165 cm,40 and 65 kg, 13 and 25 and 14.9 and 16.5 mm. The findings of the study revealed that most of the respondents were found to be within the normal height, weight, BMI and skin fold thickness measurements. The number of respondents suffering from angular stomatitis, cheliosis, bleeding gums, dry and wrinkled eyes and goiter in Madurai district were 45, 21, 28, 22 and one respectively.The results inferred thatthe respondents might have consumed inadequate micronutrient rich foods in their daily diets. But nutrition education had an influence on consumption of micronutrient rich foods among the respondents.

Key words: micronutrient, malnutrition, women, nutritional status, education

65

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 229-232 (2015)

 

Response of wheat (triticum aestivum) to potassium and sulphur application under residual effect of green leaf manuring in rice (Oryza sativa)-wheat cropping system

Dharmendra Singh1, Ripudaman Singh*2, Hemant kumar3 and Awadhesh Kumar4

1Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, 2,3Department of Agronomy, 4Department of Soil Science and Water Conservation, C.S. Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur, India

*e-mail: rsycsa@gmail.com

(Received: September 29, 2014; Revised received: January 14, 2015;Accepted: January 16, 2015)

 

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Abstract: A field experiment was conducted on wheat (triticum aestrivum) during Rabi 2009-10 and 2010-11 at Fertilizer research Station, Uttaripura (Kanpur Nagar) of C.S. Azad university of Agriculture and technology, Kanpur in rice wheat cropping system. Treatments comprised 18 combinations of 3 K-levels (0, 60, 120 kg K2O/ha) and 3-S levels (0, 40, 60 kg S/ha) under residual effect of green leaf manuring and without GLM residual effect. Experimental findings revealed that increasing levels of K and S application increased growth and yield attributes, yields and nutrient uptake with upto 120 kg K2O or 60 kg S/ha during both years. The combined application of 120 kg K2O + 60 kg S/ha recorded maximum values of 47.85 and 43.90 q/ha grain yield, 73.92 and 78.50 q/ha straw yield, 137.94 and 128.89 kg/ha N-uptake, 30.31 and 30.01 kg/ha P-uptake, 170.34 and 167.72 kg/ha K-uptake and 15.49 and 15.21 kg/ha S-uptake of wheat crop during 2009-10 and 2010-11, respectively. Protein content in grain was also recorded significantly highest with 120 kg K2O/ha application (12.94 and 12.69%) and with 60 kg S/ha (12.69 and 12.60%) during two years of study. However, combined use of 120 kg K2O + 60 kg S/ha during 2009-10 and 120 kg K2O + 40 kg S/ha during 2010-11 recorded highest grain protein content of 13.19 and 12.94%, respectively. Residual effect of green leaf manuring was reflected only in grain yield and that too during 2010-11 when GLM residue produced 43.19 q/ha grain yield against 41.55 q/ha grain yield without residue of green leaf manuring applied in preceding rice crop.

Key words: Wheat, potassium, sulphur, yield, uptake of nutrients

66

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 233-236 (2015)

 

Effectof tubewell recharge technology on water table fluctuation and irrigated area in Vidisha district of M.P.

Sudhir Singh Dhakad and G R Ambawatia

Krishi Vigyan Kendra (RVSKVV), Shajapur -465001 (MP), India

*e-mail: sudhirdhakad@rediffmail.com

(Received: September 22, 2014; Revised received: January 19, 2015;Accepted: January 21, 2015)

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Abstract: Ground water recharge is the process by which water percolates down to the soil and reaches the water table, either by natural or artificial methods. Ground water plays a crucial role in the country in increasing food and agricultural production, providing drinking water and facilitating industrial development. As per the Indian Rainwater Budget, an amount of 400 Mha-m of water through precipitation is received every year with an average rainfall of 1194 mm on 328 Mha area.Present study was undertaken to improve ground water table through artificial tubewell recharge under watershed development programme in Vidisha district of Madhya Pradesh. The study reveals that recharge tube wells performed well during the whole year without any drastic reduction in ground water level. The rainwater harvesting through tubewell recharge enables farmers to provide 41.6 to 81.1 % more irrigated area.

Key words: Artificial groundwater recharge, Recharge tube well, Irrigated area

67

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 237-240(2015)

 

Comparative study of biofertilizers and seed priming on seed yield and quality of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)

Ajeet Yadav*, Sarvjeet, Prashant Kumar Rai, Chandan Kumar Singh

Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences,Allahabad- 211007, India

*e-mail: ayadavag@gmail.com

(Received: August03, 2014; Revised received: January 27, 2015;Accepted: January28, 2015)

 

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Abstract: The present study were carried out in the Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, SHIATS, Naini, Allahabad during rabi season 2012-13 entitled “Comparative study of biofertilizers and seed priming on seed yield and quality of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.).” The objective of the study was assessing the comparative performance of yield and quality. The 8 treatments of bio-fertilizers and seed priming for chickpea variety (Pusa-362) were evaluated following13 quantitative charactersviz., Field emergence (%), Days to 50% flowering, plant height, number of branch/plant, number of pods per plant, number of seeds per pod, days to maturity, harvest index (%), test weight (g), grain yield (kg/ha), biological yield, seed yield per plant (g) and qualitative character viz., protein content. The treatment T5 (HP+PSB+Rhizobium) was found best in plant height, number of branch, days to 50% flowering, number of pods plant-1 , number of seeds pod-1, biological yield, harvest index, seed yield plant-1, seed yield kg ha-1, test weight and % protein content. While, T7 (PSB+Rhizobium) was found in maximum Field emergence and days to maturity. The T5 (HP+PSB+ Rhizobium) is the best treatment for chickpea variety on the basis of seed yield and seed quality. These finding are based on six months experiment, further experiments are to substantiate for this results.

 

Key words: Chickpea, Bio-fertilizers, Priming, Protein

68

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 241-242 (2015)

 

Effect of row direction, sowing time and different levels of zinc on growth and yield of winter sweet corn (Zea mays saccharata L.)

Schchidanand Singh, Rajesh Singh, Omkar Verma and Ganesh Kumar Singh

Department of Agronomy, Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences,Allahabad- 211007, India

*e-mail:rajeshe_singh@yahoo.com

(Received: September 18, 2014; Revised received: February 05, 2015;Accepted: February06, 2015)

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Abstract: A field experiment was conducted during the rabi season of 2013 at Crop Research Farm, Department of Agronomy, Allahabad School of Agriculture, SHIATS, Allahabad to evaluate the effect of row direction, sowing time and different levels of zinc on growth and yield of sweet corn (Zea mays saccharata). The experiment consisted of twelve treatments comprising of three row directions (control, east –west and north- south direction of sowing), two dates of sowing (22nd October and 06th November) and two zinc levels (20 kg/ha and 30 kg/ha), which were laid out in Randomized Block Design and replicated thrice. The experimental findings reveal the highest plant height, number of leaves/ plant, dry weight accumulation and Crop Growth rate under the treatment T11 (East – west direction of sowing on 22nd October and applied with 30 kg/ha of Zn/ha). Similarly, the highest number of cobs/plant, maximum cob length, cob diameter, cob weight, number of grains/cob and benefit cost ratio were recorded under the same treatment T11.

 

Key words:Sweet corn (Zea mays saccharata), row direction, sowing time and zinc levels

69

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 243-244 (2015)

 

Efficacy of different insecticidal seed treatment against

termite in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Crop

Naveen Vikram Singh, Jitendra Kumar and D. K. Singh

Department of Entomology, CSA University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur (UP)-208002, India

*e-mail:csanavin@gmail.com

(Received: November 15, 2014; Revised received: February 22, 2015;Accepted: February23, 2015)

 

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Abstract: : Investigation were carried out on the efficacy of different insecticidal seed treatments against termite in wheat crop during 2010-2011 at Crop Research Farm, Nawabganj, C.S Azad university of agriculture & Technology, Kanpur. Six insecticidal seed treatment, viz bifenthrin 10EC,thiamethoxam 35FS, fipronil 5SC, imidacloprid 70 WS, carbosulfan 25DS and chorpyriphos 20 EC at the rate of 0.5, 0.7, 0.3, 0.7, 1.0 and 0.9 g a.i./kg of seed were evaluated against termite. The minimum damaged number of effective tillers/ha were recorded in fipronil treated plots followed by imidacloprid and thiamethoxam. Grain yield g/m row and q/ha was significantly higher in treated plot with fipronil followed by imidacloprid and thiamethoxam i.e. 38.61g/m row and 18.17q/ha, 37.38g/m row and 17.75q/ha and 36.25g/m row and 17.50q/ha respectively.

 

Key words:Insecticides, seed treatment, termite, wheat

70

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 245-250 (2015)

 

Screening of tomato genotypes using osmopriming with PEG 6000 under salinity stress

Navin Pradhan*1, Pravin Prakash1, C. Manimurugan2, Shailesh Kumar Tiwari2, R.P. Sharma2 and P.M. Singh2

1Department of Plant Physiology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221005, Uttar Pradesh, India

2Indian Institute of Vegetable Research, Varanasi-221005, Uttar Pradesh, India

*e-mail:pradhanavin@gmail.com

(Received: November 12, 2014; Revised received: February 04, 2015;Accepted: February05, 2015)

 

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Abstract: The aim of this study was to elucidate the effects of osmopriming with PEG 6000 on five tomato genotypes viz. Kashi Vishesh, Kashi Amrit , Kashi Anupam, Kashi Hemant and Kashi Sarad, under salinity stress. Seeds were primed with varying concentration of PEG 6000 i.e. (-0.5, -1.0, -1.5, -2.0 MPa) and along with one hydroprimed for 48 hours at 25°C. Dry tomato seeds served as control (non-primed). Treated seeds of all varieties were sown in Petri dishes supplied with three different concentrations of salt solution i.e. 4, 8 and 12dSm-1 and along with one control. Results of variance analysis made clear that different osmotic potential and priming duration had significant effect on germination percentage, vigor index and dry weight. Of the five tomato genotypes, Kashi Hemant primed with -0.5 Mpa showed highest per cent germination (71 %), seedling length (18 cm), seed vigor index (994) and dry weight (14 mg)at 4 dSm -1 as compared to 8 dSm -1, 12 dSm -1 and control respectively. The results revealed that the same variety has immense potential to tolerate salinity stress. Furthermore, it was also observed that primed seeds exhibited better stress tolerance than non-primed seeds.

 

Key words:Tomato, seed priming, osmopriming, polyethylene glycol, salinity stress, germination, vigor index

 

71

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 251-254 (2015)

 

Alleviating adverse effect of soil salinity on biomass production and physiological changes in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) through application of zinc fertilizer

Dhananjaya Singh*1, P.C. Ram1, Anuradha Singh2, Y. P. Singh3, P. C. Sharma4 and S. Srivastava3

1Department of Crop Physiology, N.D.U. A.&T., Faizabad- 224229, India, 2Department of Botany, Meerut College, Meerut, India

3 Central Soil Salinity research Institute, Regional Research Station, Lucknow-226005, India

4 Central Soil Salinity research Institute, Karnal 132 001, India

*e-mail:dsingh_06@yahoo.co.in

(Received: August 15, 2014; Revised received: March 11, 2015;Accepted: March 12, 2015)

 

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Abstract: An experiment was conducted to the alleviating adverse effects of soil salinity on biomass production and physiological changes in wheat (Triticum aestivum L) through application of zinc fertilizer. Three wheat varieties viz., KRL 19, NW 1012 (salt-tolerant) and HD 2285 (salt-susceptible) were grown in pots under two non-saline (0, 20 kg ZnSO4) and two saline (8.0 dSm-1, 20 kg ZnSO4 + 8.0 dSm-1) environments during rabi seasons of 2001- 03. Ear emergence stage, plant were harvested and the shoot and root were analyzed dry matter production, chlorophyll content, proline content, Zn concentration, and K/Na ratio. Study revealed that there was a significant reduction in the dry matter production of root and shoot, chlorophyll content and Zn concentration due to soil salinity whereas, K/Na and proline content was increased in all the wheat varieties grown in saline environments. Maximum reduction in these parameters was recorded in the susceptible variety (HD 2285) whereas, minimum in the salt tolerant varieties (KRL 19 and NW 1012). The K/Na ratio and proline content in leaf were significantly lower in salt-tolerant varieties (KRL 19 and NW 1012) and higher in salt-susceptible variety (HD 2285) under salinity. ZnSO4 application @ 20 kg ha-1 partially alleviated the adverse effects of salinity on biomass production, chlorophyll content, proline content, Zn concentration, and K/Na ratio in the susceptible variety HD 2285 compared to no application.

 

Key words:Salinity, ZnSO4, chlorophyll, proline content and wheat varieties

72

Res. Environ. Life Sci., 8(2) 255-260 (2015)

 

Studies on heritability, genetic advance in

per cent of mean and correlation coefficients for yield and its contributing traits in arvi (Colocasia esculenta var. antiquorum) germplasm

Manish Kumar Singh*, Chandra Dev, Yamuna Prasad Singh, Praveen Singh and Malay Marut Sharma

Department of Vegetable Science, Narendra Deva University of Agriculture and Technology, Faizabad-224 229, India

*e-mail:manishvegnd@gmail.com

(Received: December11, 2014; Revised received: March 27, 2015;Accepted: March 28, 2015)

 

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Abstract: The main experiment consisting of 22 genotypes for 17 characters was laid out in randomized block design (RBD) with three replications at departmental main experiment station during April, 2010 to Oct., 2010. The studies revealed that there was wide variability in arvi for various characters studied. Analysis of variance for the design of experiment showed that the genotypes were highly significant for all the characters under study. The high magnitude of phenotypic and genotypic coefficient of variation was observed for corm yield (g) and its contributing traits per plant. Corm yield per plant, starch content, petiole length, cormel yield per plant, sheath length, number of cormels per plant and width of lamina exhibited high value of PCV and GCV. Length of lamina had positive and highly significant correlation with width of lamina, number of corm per plant, corm yield per plant, diameter of corm, diameter of cormel and cormel yield per plant. At phenotypic level highest positive direct effect on number of cormels per plant followed by corm yield per plant, plant height, diameter of cormel and width of lamina and at genotypic level highest positive direct effect on number of cormel per plant followed by number of corm per plant, length of lamina, corm yield per plant, plant height and petiole length. The genotype NDC-71 produced highest yield followed by NDC-76, NDC-77, NDC-69, NDC-83 and NDC-70, NDC-71 is superior to NDC-1 for all the characters, except sheath length, diameter of plant and cormel yield per plant..

 

Key words:Heritability, Genetic Advance, Correlation Coefficients, Yield, Arvi

 

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